, Volume 55, Issue 6, pp 2181–2203 | Cite as

Patrilocal Residence and Female Labor Supply: Evidence From Kyrgyzstan

  • Andreas LandmannEmail author
  • Helke Seitz
  • Susan Steiner


Many people live in patrilocal societies, which prescribe that women move in with their husbands’ parents, relieve their in-laws from housework, and care for them in old age. This arrangement is likely to have labor market consequences, in particular for women. We study the effect of coresidence on female labor supply in Kyrgyzstan, a strongly patrilocal setting. We account for the endogeneity of coresidence by exploiting the tradition that youngest sons usually live with their parents. In both OLS and IV estimations, the effect of coresidence on female labor supply is negative and insignificant. This finding is in contrast to previous studies, which found positive effects in less patrilocal settings. We go beyond earlier work by investigating effect channels. In Kyrgyzstan, coresiding women invest more time in elder care than women who do not coreside, and they do not receive parental support in housework.


Family structure Coresidence Labor supply Patrilocality Kyrgyzstan 



This work was supported by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). It is an output of the project “Gender and Employment in Central Asia—Evidence from Panel Data.” The views expressed are not necessarily those of DFID or IZA. We gratefully acknowledge the financial support received. Andreas Landmann received additional funding from project LA 3936/1-1 of the German Research Foundation (DFG). We thank Kathryn Anderson, Charles M. Becker, Marc Gurgand, Kristin Kleinjans, Patrick Puhani, and participants of conferences in Bishkek, Chicago, Dresden, and Göttingen for helpful and valuable comments. Many thanks in particular to Damir Esenaliev and Tilman Brück for their support.

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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Landmann
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Helke Seitz
    • 3
    • 4
  • Susan Steiner
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Georg-August-Universität GöttingenGöttingenGermany
  2. 2.Center for Evaluation and Development (C4ED)MannheimGermany
  3. 3.German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)BerlinGermany
  4. 4.Leibniz Universität HannoverHannoverGermany

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