Asian Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 195–224 | Cite as

The impact of intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity on ethical decision-making in management in a non-Western and highly religious country

  • Samia Tariq
  • Nighat G. Ansari
  • Tariq Hameed AlviEmail author


The primary purpose of this study was to explore the indirect effect of intrinsic religiosity and extrinsic religiosity on ethical intention through ethical judgment. A review of the literature shows the need for more research at the intersection of religiosity and ethics, especially in non-Western, highly religious contexts. This research, therefore, addresses the research question: Do intrinsic religiosity and extrinsic religiosity indirectly impact ethical intention through influencing the ethical judgment of management professionals? Data were gathered from members of the Management Association of Pakistan through a questionnaire. Pearson correlation results show the overall trend between the constructs of interest. Multiple regression results show that both intrinsic religiosity and extrinsic religiosity are significant positive predictors of ethical judgment. Ethical judgment was also found to be a significant, positive predictor of ethical intention. The main contribution of the study is evidence that ethical judgment acts as a mediator between religiosity (whether intrinsic or extrinsic) and ethical intention in a non-Western highly religious context. This research also found that intrinsic religiosity impacts ethical intention directly as well as indirectly through ethical judgment, but extrinsic religiosity influences ethical intention only through its effect on ethical judgment. We discuss our results along with practical and research implications, and limitations of this research are highlighted to guide future research.


Religiosity Intrinsic religiosity Extrinsic religiosity Ethical decision-making Non-Western highly religious contexts Indirect effect 



The authors are very thankful for the invaluable comments from anonymous reviewers of AJBE, AJBE Chief Editor, Dr. Allan K.K. Chan, and Associate Editors, Dr. Felix Tang and Dr. Maggie Y. Chu. We are thankful to the anonymous reviewers of AJBE for providing invaluable feedback, suggestions, and improvements; one of the reviewers provided extremely valuable comments for improvement of the manuscript.

Funding information

This study was self-funded by author Samia Tariq.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Business SchoolUniversity of International Business and Economics (UIBE)BeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Administrative SciencesUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan

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