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WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 25–40 | Cite as

Integrating the procedures of reporting port security incidents and the follow-up investigation to build a national maritime security policy: a case study in Mexico

  • A. Ávila-Zúñiga-NordfjeldEmail author
  • D. Dalaklis
Article
  • 68 Downloads

Abstract

This paper aims to improve port security measures in developing countries via integrating the procedures of incident reporting and the associated follow up investigation, hinging on the Mexican experience. The analysis examined port security at Mexican ports, where stakeholders were interviewed on the subject to identify the challenges and opportunities for security incident reporting, updating of security incident records and facilitation of the follow up investigation. Then, a qualitative security model was developed; under this new framework, incident reporting, incident investigation, the re-assessment of security threats through the Port Facility Security Assessment (PFSA) and the necessary modifications to the Port Facility Security Plans (PFSP) were all integrated. These subjects were all incorporated into a “transparent port security incident reporting tool”. This tool was implemented at all ports in Mexico, where the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code) applies, by the National Maritime Authority. This demonstrated in a real case through “action research”, the improvement of port security framework in the country. Measurements were executed every quarter throughout the year 2017 and the incident-reporting instrument was adjusted accordingly. The results demonstrated a significant improvement in reporting security incidents, with the increase from absolutely nothing (zero) to 57 providing a strong indicator of success. In addition, 56% of those reported maritime incidents were also associated with recommendations to be integrated into the PFSA and respective PFSP. Collecting accurate and immediate information/evidence material while reporting security incidents is crucial for effective incident investigation and continuous improvement of the PFSP.

Keywords

Mexico Port security Security incident records Incident reporting Incident investigation PFSA PFSP 

Abbreviations

AIS

Automatic Identification System

CCTV

Closed-Circuit Television

CI Code

Code of the International Standards and Recommended Practices for a Safety Investigation into a Marine Casualty or Marine Incident.

CSO

Company Security Officer

CSR

Continuous Synopsis Records

CUMAR

Centro Unificado para la Protección Maritíma y Portuaria and represented with the abbreviation “CUMAR,” in Spanish (Unified Centre for Port and Maritime Security, Mexico, own translation)

DOF

Diario Oficial de la Federación, in Spanish (Official Diary of the Federation, in English).

DoS

Declaration of Security

EEZ

Exclusive Economic Zone

FIDENA

Fideicomiso de Formación y Capacitación para el Personal de la Marina Mercante Nacional, in Spanish, in Mexico (Fund of Education and Training for the National Merchant Marine, in English, own translation)

IMO

International Maritime Organization

ISM

International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention (International Safety Management (ISM) Code)

ISPS Code

International Ship and Port Facility Security Code

ISSC

International Ship Security Certificate

PFSA

Port Facility Security Assessment

PFSO

Port Facility Security Officer

PFSP

Port Facility Security Plan

PSA

Port Security Assessment

PSAC

Port Security Advisory Committee

PSC

Port Security Committee

PSO

Port Security Officer

PSP

Port Security Plan

RSO

Recognized Security Organization

SCT

Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes, in Spanish, Mexico (Secretariat of Communications and Transportation)

SEMAR

Secretaría de Marina, in Spanish, Mexico (Secretariat of the Navy)

SOC

Statement of Compliance

SOLAS

International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea,1974

SSA

Ship Security Assessment

SSAS

Ship Security Alert System

SSO

Ship Security Officer

SSP

Ship Security Plan

STCW

International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watch keeping for Seafarers, 1978

SUA

Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation, Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf

UN

United Nations

UNAPROP

Unidad Naval de Protección Portuaria, and represented with the abbreviation UNAPROP, in Spanish, in Mexico (Navy Unit for Port Protection, own translation)

UNCLOS

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982

WCO

World Customs Organization

Notes

Acknowledgements

It is necessary to acknowledge the support of the National Maritime Authority in Mexico, the Secretary of SEMAR, Admiral Vidal Francisco Soberón Sanz, towards the implementation of the incident-reporting tool and access to the setting. Grateful thanks are also appropriate to Admiral Ángel Enrique Sarmiento Beltrán, Under-Secretary of SEMAR, for his willingness to discuss the implementation of the incident-reporting tool, its benefits and opportunities for improvement during the action research study.

Many thanks are also appropriate to those participants interviewed at the Maritime Customs Units, Master of Harbors; Port Administration Directors; Port Security Officers; Port Facility Security Officers, Commander of the Navy functioning as presidents of the CUMAR at the visited ports and commander of the UNAPROPs.

References

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Copyright information

© World Maritime University 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Maritime Administration: Law, Policy, Safety and SecurityWorld Maritime University (WMU)MalmöSweden
  2. 2.Safety & SecurityWorld Maritime University (WMU)MalmöSweden

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