The Ahmedabad Declaration, 2018: the family and diabetes

  • Banshi SabooEmail author
  • Sanjay Kalra
  • Pratap Jethwani
  • Rajeev Chawla
  • B. M. Makkar
  • A. K. Das
  • O. P. Gupta
  • S. V. Madhu
  • P. V. Rao
  • Sanjeev Phatak
  • Urman Dhruv
  • Arun Kumar
Short Article


The family is the basic social unit and should be taken as the basic unit of engagement and intervention in diabetes care as well. Family members not only contribute to diabetes care and support but are also prone to all effects arising from this. Shared genetic and environmental factors lead to a higher prevalence of diabetes in family members, and open a window of opportunity for diabetes prevention as well. The Ahmedabad Declaration of 2018, titled “The Family and Diabetes” has been released during the Annual Conference of the Research Society for Study of Diabetes India (RSSDI). It supports the theme of World Diabetes Day 2018–2019 and lends its voice towards strengthening the family in our quest for optimal diabetes control.


Community Compassion fatigue Diabetes Diabetes self-management education (DSME) Diabetes self-management support (DSMS) Family Society Prevention 



  1. 1.
    Family. Available at: Last Accessed on 25 Oct 2018.
  2. 2.
    Patient- and family-centered care. Available at: Last Accessed on 25 Oct 2018.
  3. 3.
    Peyrot M, Burns KK, Davies M, Forbes A, Hermanns N, Holt R, et al. Diabetes attitudes wishes and needs 2 (DAWN2): a multinational, multi-stakeholder study of psychosocial issues in diabetes and person-centred diabetes care. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2013;99(2):174–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kovacs Burns K, Nicolucci A, Holt RI, Willaing I, Hermanns N, Kalra S, et al. DAWN2 study group. Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs second study (DAWN2™): cross-national benchmarking indicators for family members living with people with diabetes. Diabet Med. 2013;30(7):778–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kalra S, John M, Baruah MP. The Indian family fights diabetes: results from the second diabetes attitudes, wishes and needs (DAWN2) study. J Soc Health Diabetes. 2014;2(1):3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    McCarthy MI. Genomics, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. N Engl J Med. 2010;363(24):2339–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mohan V, Radha V, Nguyen TT, Stawiski EW, Pahuja KB, Goldstein LD, et al. Comprehensive genomic analysis identifies pathogenic variants in maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) patients in South India. BMC medical genetics. 2018;19(1):22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Khan A, Lasker SS, Chowdhury TA. Are spouses of patients with type 2 diabetes at increased risk of developing diabetes? Diabetes Care. 2003;26(3):710–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kalra S, Sridhar GR, Balhara YP, Sahay RK, Bantwal G, Baruah MP, et al. National recommendations: psychosocial management of diabetes in India. Indian journal of endocrinology and metabolism. 2013;17(3):376–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sahay R, Baruah MP, Kalra S. Health economics in India: the case of diabetes mellitus. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2014;18(2):135–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kalra S, Gupta Y. Professional hazards of diabetes care professionals. JPMA J Pak Med Assoc. 2016;66(4):483–4.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Powers MA, Bardsley J, Cypress M, Duker P, Funnell MM, Fischl AH, et al. Diabetes self-management education and support in type 2 diabetes: a joint position statement of the American Diabetes Association, the American Association of Diabetes Educators, and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. The Diabetes Educator. 2017;43(1):40–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ahmed Z, Yeasmeen F. Active family participation in diabetes self-care: a commentary. Diabetes Manag. 2016;6(5):104–7.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mayberry LS, Osborn CY. Family involvement is helpful and harmful to patients’ self-care and glycemic control. Patient Educ Couns. 2014;97(3):418–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Baig AA, Benitez A, Quinn MT, Burnet DL. Family interventions to improve diabetes outcomes for adults. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2015;1353(1):89–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    American Diabetes Association. 2. Classification and diagnosis of diabetes: standards of medical care in diabetes—2018. Diabetes Care. 2018;41(Supplement 1):S13–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Liu NF, Brown AS, Folias AE, Younge MF, Guzman SJ, Close KL, et al. Stigma in people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Clinical Diabetes. 2017;35(1):27–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kalra S, Kumar A, Jarhyan P, Unnikrishnan AG. Endemic or epidemic? Measuring the endemicity index of diabetes. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2015;19(1):5–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Anjana RM, Deepa M, Pradeepa R, Mahanta J, Narain K, Das HK, et al. Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes in 15 states of India: results from the ICMR–INDIAB population-based cross-sectional study. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2017;5(8):585–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Research Society for Study of Diabetes in India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Banshi Saboo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sanjay Kalra
    • 2
  • Pratap Jethwani
    • 3
  • Rajeev Chawla
    • 4
  • B. M. Makkar
    • 5
  • A. K. Das
    • 6
  • O. P. Gupta
    • 7
  • S. V. Madhu
    • 8
  • P. V. Rao
    • 9
  • Sanjeev Phatak
    • 10
  • Urman Dhruv
    • 11
  • Arun Kumar
    • 12
  1. 1.Diacare - Diabetes Care & Hormone ClinicAhmedabadIndia
  2. 2.Bharti HospitalKarnalIndia
  3. 3.Jethwani HospitalRajkotIndia
  4. 4.North Delhi Diabetes CentreNew DelhiIndia
  5. 5.Dr. Makkar’s Diabetes and Obesity CenterNew DelhiIndia
  6. 6.Pondicherry Institute of Medical SciencePuducherryIndia
  7. 7.Dr. O P Gupta ClinicAhmedabadIndia
  8. 8.University College Of Medical Sciences and GTB HospitalNew DelhiIndia
  9. 9.Diabetes research SocietyHyderabadIndia
  10. 10.Vijayaratna Diabetes Diagnosis & Treatment Center, IndiaAhmedabadIndia
  11. 11.HCG HospitalAhmedabadIndia
  12. 12.Department of Community Medicine, Shaheed Hasan Khan MewatiGovernment Medical CollegeNuhIndia

Personalised recommendations