Prevalence and risk factors of diabetes among urban residents in Luzhou City, China

  • Xinliang Liu
  • Qingbi ZhangEmail author
  • Amanda Raffenaud
  • Li Ge
  • Wei Xiong
  • Yan Liu
Original Article



Great variation exists in the prevalence rates of diabetes across different geographic regions in China. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of type 2 diabetes among a Chinese population in Western China and to explore associated risk factors.


Adult residents in Luzhou City in Sichuan Province, China, were selected using a multistage area probability design. A validated questionnaire, physical examination, and lab tests were administered to the participants. Bivariate analysis and multivariate analysis using logistic regression were performed to determine factors that may affect the risk of diabetes.


The final study sample included 3513 participants with complete questionnaires (response rate was 97.58%). The prevalence rate of diabetes was 17.76%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that residents who fit within the following categories were associated with higher risk for diabetes after controlling for participant demographic factors and other covariates: age groups 50–59, 60–69, and 70 or above; a monthly income of less than ¥1999; family history of diabetes; using mainly animal fat as cooking oil; having a white collar job; BMI above 28; and hypertriglyceridemia. In addition to identifying risk factors previously reported, this study indicates that dietary intake factors may be important to the development of diabetes.


This study contributes to the literature of prevalence and risk factors of diabetes in Western China. Future research is needed to further evaluate these risk factors.


Type 2 diabetes mellitus Prevalence Risk factors 



This study was funded by the Primary Health Development Research Center of Sichuan Province (grant number: SWFZ15-Z-02).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the Declaration of Helsinki Ethical Principles for medical research involving human subjects.

Informed consent

Written informed consent was obtained from each participant before data collection in the study.


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Copyright information

© Research Society for Study of Diabetes in India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinliang Liu
    • 1
  • Qingbi Zhang
    • 2
    Email author
  • Amanda Raffenaud
    • 3
  • Li Ge
    • 4
  • Wei Xiong
    • 2
  • Yan Liu
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Health Management and Informatics, College of Health and Public AffairsUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Health and Occupational Health, School of Public HealthSouthwest Medical UniversityLuzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of Health Care AdministrationAdventist University of Health SciencesOrlandoUSA
  4. 4.Department of PathologyOrlando HealthOrlandoUSA
  5. 5.Macau University of Science and TechnologyMacauPeople’s Republic of China
  6. 6.Drug Discovery Research CenterSouthwest Medical UniversityLuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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