Advertisement

Fuel properties and combustion kinetics of hydrochar derived from co-hydrothermal carbonization of tobacco residues and graphene oxide

  • Miao Liang
  • Ke Zhang
  • Ping Lei
  • Bing Wang
  • Chi-Min Shu
  • Bin LiEmail author
Original Article
  • 46 Downloads

Abstract

Tobacco residues produced from domestic cigarette industry are an abundant biomass resource which have the potential to be exploited and utilized as solid fuel. In the present study, a comprehensive investigation was performed on the fuel properties of hydrochars which were derived from hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of tobacco residues in the presence of minute amount of graphene oxide (GO). The effect of HTC temperature and residence time on the chemical compositions, structure, and combustion performance of the resultant GO-assisted hydrochars was evaluated. The carbon content and energy densification increased with the hydrothermal treatment intensity accompanying with the decline in hydrogen and oxygen contents. Meanwhile, the combustion behavior of hydrochars was analyzed based on the thermogravimetric curves and isoconversional Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose method. The activation energy varied with conversion degrees for the tested samples, indicating the complexity of hydrochar combustion. Notably, the decreased activation energies for GO-assisted hydrochars may indicate the catalytic role of GO during the combustion process of components in hydrochars.

Keywords

Hydrochar Hydrothermal carbonization Tobacco residues Graphene oxide Combustion 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the CNTC’s projects (No. 110201401018), the Key Scientific Research Projects of Henan Province Universities (No. 17B550006), and the Doctoral Research Foundation (No. 2014BSJJ067) of Zhengzhou University of Light Industry.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

13399_2019_408_MOESM1_ESM.docx (50 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 50 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Pradhan P, Mahajani SM, Arora A (2018) Production and utilization of fuel pellets from biomass: a review. Fuel Process Technol 181:215–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yang W, Wang H, Zhang M, Zhu J, Zhou J, Wu S (2016) Fuel properties and combustion kinetics of hydrochar prepared by hydrothermal carbonization of bamboo. Bioresour Technol 205:199–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Boström D, Skoglund N, Grimm A, Boman C, Öhman M, Broström M, Backman R (2012) Ash transformation chemistry during combustion of biomass. Energy Fuel 26:85–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Reza MT, Rottler E, Herklotz L, Wirth B (2015) Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of wheat straw: influence of feedwater pH prepared by acetic acid and potassium hydroxide. Bioresour Technol 182:336–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Suwelack K, Wüst D, Zeller M, Kruse A, Krümpel J (2016) Hydrothermal carbonization of wheat straw—prediction of product mass yields and degree of carbonization by severity parameter. Biomass Conv Bioref 6:347–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hu B, Yu S-H, Wang K, Liu L, Xu X-W (2008) Functional carbonaceous materials from hydrothermal carbonization of biomass: an effective chemical process. Dalton Trans 5414–5423Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Elaigwu SE, Greenway GM (2016) Microwave-assisted hydrothermal carbonization of rapeseed husk: a strategy for improving its solid fuel properties. Fuel Process Technol 149:305–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kang S, Li X, Fan J, Chang J (2012) Characterization of hydrochars produced by hydrothermal carbonization of lignin, cellulose, d-xylose, and wood meal. Ind Eng Chem Res 51:9023–9031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kannan S, Gariepy Y, Vijaya Raghavan GS (2018) Optimization of the conventional hydrothermal carbonization to produce hydrochar from fish waste. Biomass Conv Bioref 8:563–576CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yang W, Shimanouchi T, Iwamura M, Takahashi Y, Mano R, Takashima K, Tanifuji T, Kimura Y (2015) Elevating the fuel properties of Humulus lupulus, Plumeria alba and Calophyllum inophyllum L. through wet torrefaction. Fuel 146:88–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cai J, Li B, Chen C, Wang J, Zhao M, Zhang K (2016) Hydrothermal carbonization of tobacco stalk for fuel application. Bioresour Technol 220:305–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chen X, Ma X, Peng X, Lin Y, Yao Z (2018) Conversion of sweet potato waste to solid fuel via hydrothermal carbonization. Bioresour Technol 249:900–907CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fang J, Zhan L, Ok YS, Gao B (2018) Minireview of potential applications of hydrochar derived from hydrothermal carbonization of biomass. J Ind Eng Chem 57:15–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang T, Zhai Y, Zhu Y, Peng C, Xu B, Wang T, Li C, Zeng G (2017) Acetic acid and sodium hydroxide-aided hydrothermal carbonization of woody biomass for enhanced pelletization and fuel properties. Energy Fuel 31:12200–12208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Saba A, Lopez B, Lynam JG, Reza MT (2018) Hydrothermal liquefaction of loblolly pine: effects of various wastes on produced biocrude. ACS Omega 3:3051–3059CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Nakason K, Panyapinyopol B, Kanokkantapong V, Viriya-empikul N, Kraithong W, Pavasant P (2018) Characteristics of hydrochar and hydrothermal liquid products from hydrothermal carbonization of corncob. Biomass Conv Bioref 8:199–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gao Y, Wang X, Wang J, Li X, Cheng J, Yang H, Chen H (2013) Effect of residence time on chemical and structural properties of hydrochar obtained by hydrothermal carbonization of water hyacinth. Energy 58:376–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Saba A, Saha P, Reza MT (2017) Co-hydrothermal carbonization of coal-biomass blend: influence of temperature on solid fuel properties. Fuel Process Technol 167:711–720CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Parshetti GK, Kent Hoekman S, Balasubramanian R (2013) Chemical, structural and combustion characteristics of carbonaceous products obtained by hydrothermal carbonization of palm empty fruit bunches. Bioresour Technol 135:683–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lynam JG, Coronella CJ, Yan W, Reza MT, Vasquez VR (2011) Acetic acid and lithium chloride effects on hydrothermal carbonization of lignocellulosic biomass. Bioresour Technol 102:6192–6199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lynam JG, Toufiq Reza M, Vasquez VR, Coronella CJ (2012) Effect of salt addition on hydrothermal carbonization of lignocellulosic biomass. Fuel 99:271–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Martín-Jimeno FJ, Suárez-García F, Paredes JI, Martínez-Alonso A, Tascón JMD (2015) Activated carbon xerogels with a cellular morphology derived from hydrothermally carbonized glucose-graphene oxide hybrids and their performance towards CO2 and dye adsorption. Carbon 81:137–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhao X, Wang J, Chen C, Huang Y, Wang A, Zhang T (2014) Graphene oxide for cellulose hydrolysis: how it works as a highly active catalyst? Chem Commun 50:3439–3442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Krishnan D, Raidongia K, Shao J, Huang J (2014) Graphene oxide assisted hydrothermal carbonization of carbon hydrates. ACS Nano 8:449–457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Gao W, Chen K, Xiang Z, Yang F, Zeng J, Li J, Yang R, Rao G, Tao H (2013) Kinetic study on pyrolysis of tobacco residues from the cigarette industry. Ind Crop Prod 44:152–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    García R, Pizarro C, Lavín AG, Bueno JL (2013) Biomass proximate analysis using thermogravimetry. Bioresour Technol 139:1–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Channiwala SA, Parikh PP (2002) A unified correlation for estimating HHV of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. Fuel 81:1051–1063CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    He C, Giannis A, Wang J-Y (2013) Conversion of sewage sludge to clean solid fuel using hydrothermal carbonization: Hydrochar fuel characteristics and combustion behavior. Appl Energy 111:257–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Islam MA, Kabir G, Asif M, Hameed BH (2015) Combustion kinetics of hydrochar produced from hydrothermal carbonisation of Karanj (Pongamia pinnata) fruit hulls via thermogravimetric analysis. Bioresour Technol 194:14–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kim D, Lee K, Park KY (2016) Upgrading the characteristics of biochar from cellulose, lignin, and xylan for solid biofuel production from biomass by hydrothermal carbonization. J Ind Eng Chem 42:95–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Axel F, Felix Z (2010) Hydrothermal carbonization of biomass: a summary and discussion of chemical mechanisms for process engineering. Biofuels Bioprod Biorefin 4:160–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Gu L, Li B, Wen H, Zhang X, Wang L, Ye J (2018) Co-hydrothermal treatment of fallen leaves with iron sludge to prepare magnetic iron product and solid fuel. Bioresour Technol 257:229–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Reza MT, Yang X, Coronella CJ, Lin H, Hathwaik U, Shintani D, Neupane BP, Miller GC (2016) Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) and pelletization of two arid land plants bagasse for energy densification. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 4:1106–1114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Wang Y, Jiang L (2017) Roles of graphene oxide in hydrothermal carbonization and microwave irradiation of distiller’s dried grains with solubles to produce supercapacitor electrodes. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 5:5588–5597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Lin Y, Ma X, Peng X, Yu Z (2016) A mechanism study on hydrothermal carbonization of waste textile. Energy Fuel 30:7746–7754CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Liu Z, Quek A, Kent Hoekman S, Balasubramanian R (2013) Production of solid biochar fuel from waste biomass by hydrothermal carbonization. Fuel 103:943–949CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kambo HS, Dutta A (2015) Comparative evaluation of torrefaction and hydrothermal carbonization of lignocellulosic biomass for the production of solid biofuel. Energ Convers Manage 105:746–755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Gao P, Zhou Y, Meng F, Zhang Y, Liu Z, Zhang W, Xue G (2016) Preparation and characterization of hydrochar from waste eucalyptus bark by hydrothermal carbonization. Energy 97:238–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Islam MA, Tan IAW, Benhouria A, Asif M, Hameed BH (2015) Mesoporous and adsorptive properties of palm date seed activated carbon prepared via sequential hydrothermal carbonization and sodium hydroxide activation. Chem Eng J 270:187–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Sevilla M, Fuertes AB (2009) Chemical and structural properties of carbonaceous products obtained by hydrothermal carbonization of saccharides. Chem 15:4195–4203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Peng C, Zhai Y, Zhu Y, Wang T, Xu B, Wang T, Li C, Zeng G (2017) Investigation of the structure and reaction pathway of char obtained from sewage sludge with biomass wastes, using hydrothermal treatment. J Clean Prod 166:114–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Sung YJ, Seo YB (2009) Thermogravimetric study on stem biomass of Nicotiana tabacum. Thermochim Acta 486:1–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Liu F, Yu R, Ji X, Guo M (2018) Hydrothermal carbonization of holocellulose into hydrochar: structural, chemical characteristics, and combustion behavior. Bioresour Technol 263:508–516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Wu W, Mei Y, Zhang L, Liu R, Cai J (2015) Kinetics and reaction chemistry of pyrolysis and combustion of tobacco waste. Fuel 156:71–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zhengzhou Tobacco Research Institute of CNTCZhengzhouChina
  2. 2.School of Food and Biological EngineeringZhengzhou University of Light IndustryZhengzhouChina
  3. 3.R&D Center of Yunnan Industrial of China Tobacco Industry Co., Ltd.KunmingChina
  4. 4.Graduate School of Engineering Science and TechnologyNational Yunlin University of Science and Technology (YunTech)DouliuTaiwan

Personalised recommendations