Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 8717–8725 | Cite as

Experimental Study on the Expansion of a New Cement-Based Borehole Sealing Material Using Different Additives and Varied Water–Cement Ratios

  • Chao Zhang
  • Hua LiuEmail author
  • Shugang Li
  • Chao Liu
  • Lei Qin
  • Jie Chang
  • Renhui Cheng
Research Article - Civil Engineering


To investigate the effects of its composition and water–cement ratio on the expansion properties of a new sealing material, the factors which influence the expansion properties were identified. Subsequently, single-factor experiments were conducted to explore the effects of water–cement ratio and specific additives in a cement-based sealant on the expansion capability of the sealing material. Additionally, according to Box–Behnken experimental design principles, the rank of the important expansion factors were identified using response surface methodology. Finally, the optimal experimental conditions were obtained. The results show that the influencing factors, sorted by significance, are aluminum content (mixed with an equal amount of CaO) > water–cement ratio > gypsum content. The best mix for the sealant could be obtained with cement plus 0.56% aluminum (mixed with an equal amount of CaO) and 2% gypsum in slurry with a water–cement ratio of 0.6.


New sealing material Key influencing factors Expansion percentage Response surface methodology Experimental study 


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Financial support for this work was provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51504189 and 51874233). We thank David Frishman, Ph.D., from Liwen Bianji, Edanz Group China (, for editing the English text of a draft of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Safety Science and EngineeringXi’anChina
  2. 2.Key laboratory of Western Mine Exploitation and Hazard Prevention of the Ministry of EducationXi’anChina

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