Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 8787–8797 | Cite as

Investigations on Jarosite Mixed Cement Concrete Pavements

  • Tanvi GuptaEmail author
  • S. N. Sachdeva
Research Article - Civil Engineering


The purpose of the present study is to deal with the potential application of jarosite, a waste material produced during the extraction of zinc ore concentrate using the hydro metallurgy operation, in the production of the concrete. The method involves a total of five mixes including the control mix which was prepared by partially replacing the cement by the jarosite varying from 10, 15, 20 and 25%. It was noticed that incorporation of jarosite did not much alter the fresh concrete properties, as it was well within the desired range. The present laboratory investigation results also confirmed that as the percentage of jarosite in the concrete mix was increased, the mechanical properties of the concrete tend to decrease gradually but can be improved further by adding mineral and chemical admixtures. Further, the water absorption properties were also got improved. Other durability properties like acid attack, chlorine resistance and abrasion loss were found to decrease as the percentage of the jarosite in the concrete mix was increased. From the study, it can be concluded that, up to 15% of jarosite can be used as the replacement of the cement in the construction of the highways. Higher percentage of the jarosite can be used for low traffic volume or village roads for the safe disposal and reuse of the industrial waste.


Cement Jarosite Pavements Strength Durability 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors


  1. 1.
    Verian, K.P.; Behnood, A.: Effects of deicers on the performance of concrete pavements containing air-cooled blast furnace slag and supplementary cementitious materials. Cem. Concr. Compos. 90, 27–41 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Golafshani, E.M.; Behnood, A.: Application of soft computing methods for predicting the elastic modulus of recycled aggregate concrete. J. Clean. Prod. 176, 1163–1176 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Anastasiou, E.; Liapis, A.; Papayianni, I.: Comparative life cycle assessment of concrete road pavements using industrial by-products as alternative materials. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 101, 1–8 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Singh, S.; Ransinchung, R.N.G.; Kumar, P.: Laboratory investigation of concrete pavements containing fine rap aggregates. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 30(2), 04017279 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fakhri, M.; et al.: The effect of waste rubber particles and silica fume on the mechanical properties of roller compacted concrete pavement. J. Clean. Prod. 129, 521–530 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jamshidi, A.; Kurumisawa, K.; Nawa, T.; Hamzah, M.O.: Analysis of structural performance and sustainability of airport concrete pavements incorporating blast furnace slag. J. Clean. Prod. 90, 195–210 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jamshidi, A.; Kurumisawa, K.; Nawa, T.; Igarashi, T.: Performance of pavements incorporating waste glass: the current state of the art. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 64, 211–236 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Singh, S.; Debbarma, S.; Kumar, P.: Utilization of reclaimed asphalt pavement aggregates containing waste from sugarcane mill for production of concrete mixes. J. Clean. Prod. 174, 42–52 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Faisal, M.; Muhammad, K.; et al.: Synthesis and characterization of geopolymer from bagasse bottom ash, waste of sugar industries and naturally available china clay. J. Clean. Prod. 129, 491–495 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Naik, T.R.: Sustainability of concrete construction. Pract. Period. Struct. Des. Constr. 13(2), 98–103 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wang, Y.: The effects of using reclaimed asphalt pavements (rap) on the long-term performance of asphalt concrete overlays. Constr. Build. Mater. 120, 335–348 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Afonso, M.L.; Dinis-Almeida, M.; Pereira-de Oliveira, L.A.; Castro-Gomes, J.; Zoorob, S.E.: Development of a semi-flexible heavy duty pavement surfacing incorporating recycled and waste aggregates-preliminary study. Constr. Build. Mater. 102, 155–161 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gencel, O.; Ozel, C.; Koksal, F.; Erdogmus, E.; Martínez-Barrera, G.; Brostow, W.: Properties of concrete paving blocks made with waste marble. J. Clean. Prod. 21(1), 62–70 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gencel, O.; Sutcu, M.; Erdogmus, E.; Koc, V.; Cay, V.V.; Gok, M.S.: Properties of bricks with waste ferrochromium slag and zeolite. J. Clean. Prod. 59, 111–119 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Moran, C.; Lodhia, S.; Kunz, N.; Huisingh, D.: Sustainability in mining, minerals and energy: new processes, pathways and human interactions for a cautiously optimistic future. J. Clean. Prod. 84, 1–15 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pacelli, F.; Ostuzzi, F.; Levi, M.: Reducing and reusing industrial scraps: a proposed method for industrial designers. J. Clean. Prod. 86, 78–87 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yong, J.Y.; Klemeš, J.J.; Varbanov, P.S.; Huisingh, D.: Cleaner energy for cleaner production: modelling, simulation, optimisation and waste management. J. Clean. Prod. 111, 1–16 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tripathi, B.; Misra, A.; Chaudhary, S.: Strength and abrasion characteristics of ISF slag concrete. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 25(11), 1611–1618 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Thomas, B.S.; Gupta, R.C.: Long term behaviour of cement concrete containing discarded tire rubber. J. Clean. Prod. 102, 78–87 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Agrawal, A.; Sahu, K.; Pandey, B.: Solid waste management in non-ferrous industries in India. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 42(2), 99–120 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pappu, A.; Saxena, M.; Asolekar, S.R.: Jarosite characteristics and its utilisation potentials. Sci. Total Environ. 359(1–3), 232–243 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Asokan, P.; Saxena, M.; Asolekar, S.: Recycling hazardous jarosite waste using coal combustion residues. Mater. Charact. 61(12), 1342–1355 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Arora, V.; Sachdeva, S.; Aggarwal, P.: Effect of use of jarosite on workability and early age strength of concrete. Int. J. Comput. Math. Sci. IJCMS 4, 136–144 (2015)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sinha, A.; Havanagi, V.; Ranjan, A.; Mathur, S.; Singh, B.: Geotechnical characterization of jarosite waste material for road construction. In: Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, pp. 22–24 (2013)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Pappu, A.; Saxena, M.; Asolekar, S.R.: Solid wastes generation in India and their recycling potential in building materials. Build. Environ. 42(6), 2311–2320 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Katsioti, M.; Tsakiridis, P.; Agatzini-Leonardou, S.; Oustadakis, P.: Examination of the jarosite-alunite precipitate addition in the raw meal for the production of Portland and sulfoaluminate-based cement clinkers. Int. J. Miner. Process. 76(4), 217–224 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Agarwal, S.K.; Ali, M.M.; Pahuja, A.; Singh, B.K.; Duggal, S.: Mineralising effect of jarosite: a zinc industry by-product in the manufacturing of cement. Adv. Cem. Res. 27(5), 248–258 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Mymrin, V.; Vaamonde, A.V.: New construction materials from Spanish jarosite processing wastes. Miner. Eng. 12(11), 1399–1402 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Mymrin, V.A.; Ponte, H.A.; Impinnisi, P.R.: Potential application of acid jarosite wastes as the main component of construction materials. Constr. Build. Mater. 19(2), 141–146 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bouzalakos, S.; Dudeney, A.; Cheeseman, C.: Controlled low-strength materials containing waste precipitates from mineral processing. Miner. Eng. 21(4), 252–263 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Mehra, P.; Gupta, R.C.; Thomas, B.S.: Properties of concrete containing jarosite as a partial substitute for fine aggregate. J. Clean. Prod. 120, 241–248 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Mehra, P.; Gupta, R.C.; Thomas, B.S.: Assessment of durability characteristics of cement concrete containing jarosite. J. Clean. Prod. 119, 59–65 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Mehra, P.; Thomas, B.S.; Kumar, S.; Gupta, R.C.: Jarosite added concrete along with fly ash: properties and characteristics in fresh state. Perspect. Sci. 8, 69–71 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Standard, I.: Grade ordinary Portland cement-specification. Technical Report IS: 8112, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India, View at Google Scholar (43) (2005)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Plain, I. S.: Reinforced concrete-code of practice, 4th revision (2000)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    I. 10262-2009, Concrete mix proportioning guidelinesGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    B. B. of Indian Standards, Indian standard methods of sampling and analysis of concrete, Indian StandardsGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    I. 516, Indian standard methods of tests for strength of concrete (1959)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Dong, Q.; Wu, H.; Huang, B.; Shu, X.; Wang, K.: Investigation into laboratory abrasion test methods for pervious concrete. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 25(7), 886–892 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    C. ASTM, 642, standard test method for density, absorption, and voids in hardened concrete. In: Annual Book of ASTM Standards, vol. 4, p. 02 (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyKurukshetraIndia

Personalised recommendations