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Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 8239–8248 | Cite as

Enhancement of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Properties Using Waste Polymers

  • Muhammad Bilal KhurshidEmail author
  • Nadeem Anwer Qureshi
  • Arshad Hussain
  • Muhammad Jawed Iqbal
Research Article - Civil Engineering
  • 61 Downloads

Abstract

This research presents a comparative analysis of properties and performance of hot mix asphalt (HMA) modified by various polymer-based waste materials which included low-density polyethylene (LDPE) in the form of polyethylene bags (shopping bags), high-density polyethylene (HDPE) in the form of waste plastic beverage bottles and crumb rubber (CR) from waste tires. Polymer was added to coat the aggregate (dry method) and as a modifier in bitumen (wet process). Marshall method was used for the analysis of control and modified asphalt mixes. Dry method yielded better asphalt mix properties. Optimum polymer content was determined as percentage of optimum bitumen content. Polymer-modified bitumen exhibited improved stiffness and reduced susceptibility to high-temperature effects. Polymer-modified asphalt mix is found have increased stability, rutting resistance and load bearing capacity in comparison with unmodified asphalt mix. In overall comparison, HDPE-modified mix was found to be the most effective. Road construction with CR-modified HMA was found to be the most cost-effective with Rs. 0.166 million saving per lane km, compared to conventional, LDPE- and HDPE-modified HMA.

Keywords

Hot mix asphalt Polymer Waste management HMA properties 

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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Transportation (NIT), NUST College of Civil Engineering (MCE)National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)RisalpurPakistan
  2. 2.National Institute of Transportation (NIT)National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)RisalpurPakistan
  3. 3.School of Civil and Environmental Engineering (SCEE)National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)IslamabadPakistan

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