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Preparation and Characterization of Shiitake Mushroom-Based Activated Carbon with High Adsorption Capacity

  • Zhiwei Sun
  • C. Srinivasakannan
  • Jinsheng LiangEmail author
  • Xinhui DuanEmail author
Research Article - Chemical Engineering

Abstract

The potential of utilizing shiitake mushroom as feed stock for the preparation of activated carbon by chemical activation method with \(\text {K}_{2}\text {CO}_{3}\) was explored. The prepared materials were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, \(\text {N}_{2}\) adsorption–desorption analysis, scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectrometer, X-ray diffraction and Raman spectra. The activation mechanisms were proposed with the aid of thermogravimetric analysis. X-ray diffraction and Raman analysis indicated that the activated carbon was amorphous macroscopically. The influences of activation temperature, mass ratio of \(\text {K}_{2}\text {CO}_{3}\)/shiitake mushroom, activation duration, heating rate and material mixed mode on the yield, porosity and surface morphology of the activated carbon were investigated in detail. The synthesized activated carbons was predominantly microporous having a specific surface area of 2330 m\(^{2}\)/g, and the optimal process conditions were activation temperature of 800 \(^{\circ }\)C, mass ratio of \(\text {K}_{2}\text {CO}_{3}\)/shiitake mushroom of 1.5, activation duration of 180 min, heating rate of 5 \(^{\circ }\)C/min and mixed mode of impregnation. Addition to high surface area, it also exhibited a high iodine number adsorption capacity of 1432 mg/g and methylene blue adsorption capacity of 872 mg/g, which are far higher than the adsorption capacities reported in the open literature. These results demonstrate that the synthesized activated carbon could be utilized for variety of industrial applications.

Keywords

Activated carbon Shiitake mushroom \(\text {K}_{2}\text {CO}_{3}\) Activation mechanisms Specific surface area Adsorption capacity 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51641403/E0418).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

None.

Supplementary material

13369_2019_3746_MOESM1_ESM.doc (3.1 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (doc 3130 KB)

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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Special Functional Materials for Ecological Environment and InformationHebei University of Technology, Ministry of EducationTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute of Power Source and Ecomaterials ScienceHebei University of TechnologyTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Chemical Engineering Department, The Petroleum InstituteKhalifa University of Science and TechnologyAbu DhabiUAE

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