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Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 467–477 | Cite as

Subsurface Drainage System Performance, Soil Salinization Risk, and Shallow Groundwater Dynamic Under Irrigation Practice in an Arid Land

  • Zied Haj-AmorEmail author
  • Salem Bouri
Research Article - Earth Sciences
  • 17 Downloads

Abstract

In recent years, several arid lands have faced the major challenge of increasing risk of soil salinity caused by improper irrigation and drainage practices. Evaluating the relationship between soil salinity, drainage, and irrigation is therefore essential for understanding how to sustain the use of salinized soils in these lands. In this study, subsurface drainage performance, soil salinization risk, and shallow groundwater dynamic were evaluated under irrigation practice in a Tunisian arid land during two successive cropping years (2012–2013 and 2013–2014). Special attention was paid to the effect of subsurface drainage system on soil desalinization. Based on the analysis of the collected data, the following results were found: (1) frequent irrigation was a major factor in the rapid rise of shallow groundwater above critical soil depths; (2) inferior irrigation scheduling (i.e. large irrigation interval of 16–42 days) was the main cause of high soil salinization \((\hbox {EC}_{\mathrm{e}})\) around crop roots \((\hbox {EC}_{\mathrm{e}} > 4\hbox { dS m}^{-1})\); (3) the installed subsurface drainage system in the studied area (i.e. perforated corrugated pipe at a soil depth of 1.5 m) resulted in a substantial soil desalinization rate from the first to the second studied year, the average decrease in \(\hbox {EC}_{\mathrm{e}}\) was 23.3%; (4) the drainage system was unable to drain more than 27% of the salt introduced by the irrigation water due to the clogging of the gravel filter by sand. These results may provide a reference for appropriate restoration in the studied area and in other arid farmlands with similar condition.

Keywords

Soil salinity Irrigation Drainage Arid land Desalinization 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors express sincere gratitude for the help and financial support provided by the Research Institute for Development (IRD). The authors also thank Ali Mlawah from Agriculture Development Office, Kebili, Tunisia, for the design of the investigated field. The authors also thank Dr. Mohammad Valipour (Department of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, University of Tehran, Iran) who provided helpful comments and suggestions on the early version of this paper. The authors sincerely thank Prof. Joseph Kloepper (from Auburn University, United States of America) and Prof. Rüdiger Anlauf (Osnabrueck University of Applied Sciences, Germany) for the English language assistance.

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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Water, Energy, and Environment LaboratoryNational Engineering School of SfaxSfaxTunisia

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