Advertisement

Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 4453–4465 | Cite as

Effects of Pounding and Fluid–Structure Interaction on Seismic Response of Long-Span Deep-Water Bridge with High Hollow Piers

  • Yulin DengEmail author
  • Qingkang Guo
  • Lueqin Xu
Research Article - Civil Engineering
  • 32 Downloads

Abstract

This article aims to study the effects of pounding and fluid–structure interaction on a typical long-span deep-water bridge with high hollow piers. With potential-based fluid elements modeling fluid–structure interaction between hollow piers and water, and gap elements simulating pounding at gap locations, three-dimensional(3D) finite element models were built for the typical deep-water bridge. The longitudinal seismic responses of the bridge under the combination effects of pounding and fluid–structure interaction were studied from two cases where the hollow piers contact with outer water only and both outer water and inner water, respectively. For comparison, the individual effects of pounding or fluid–structure interaction were also analyzed. The results indicate that the fluid–structure interaction could be one of the critical factors which can result in pounding between adjacent segments of deep-water bridges, because the fluid–structure interaction can amplify the seismic relative displacement between adjacent spans of deep-water bridge. The combination effects of pounding and fluid–structure interaction are negligible on seismic responses of deep-water bridge piers compared with the individual effect of fluid–structure interaction; however, they can lead to further increase of deck displacement of approach span, no matter compared with the individual effect of fluid–structure interaction or pounding, which increases the possibility of approach span unseating. Whether pounding happens or not, the existence of the inner water in the hollow piers causes aggravated effect on seismic responses of deep-water bridge.

Keywords

Bridge High pier Pounding Fluid–structure interaction Seismic response Deep-water Outer water Inner water Three-dimensional analysis Finite elements Expansion joints Pounding element 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Priestley, M.J.N.; Seible, F.; Calvi, G.M.: Seismic Design and Retrofit of Bridges. Wiley, New York (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jeng, V.; Tzeng, W.L.: Assessment of seismic pounding hazard for Taipei City. Eng. Struct. 22(5), 459471 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li, J.Z.; Lu, X.L.; Li, X.; Ren, X.; Liu, W.; Tang, Y.: Seismic damage of reinforced concrete frame structures in Wenchuan earth-quake. Struct. Eng. 24(3), 9–11 (2008)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kawashima, K.; Takahashi, Y.; Ge, H.B.; Wu, Z.S.; Zhang, J.D.: Reconnaissance report on damage of bridges in 2008 Wenchuan, China, earthquake. J. Earthq. Eng. 13(7), 965–996 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yen, W.H.P.; Chen, G.D.; Yashinsky, M.; et al.: Lessons in bridge damage learned from the Wenchuan earthquake. Earthq. Eng. Eng. Vib. 8, 275–285 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jankowski, R.: Non-linear viscoelastic modelling of earthquake-induced structural pounding. Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn. 34, 595–611 (2005).  https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.434 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zanardo, G.; Hao, H.; Modena, C.: Seismic response of multi-span simply supported bridges to a spatially varying earthquake ground motion. Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn. 31(6), 1325–1345 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhu, P.; Abe, M.; Fujino, Y.: Modelling three-dimensional non-linear seismic performance of elevated bridges with emphasis on pounding of girders. Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn. 31(11), 1891–1913 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mylonakis, G.; Nikolaou, S.; Gazetas, G.: Footings under seismic loading: analysis and design issues with emphasis on bridge foundation. Soil. Dyn. Earthq. Eng. 26(9), 824–853 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Guo, A.; Li, Z.; Li, H.; Ou, J.: Experimental and analytical study on pounding reduction of base-isolation highway bridges using MR dampers. Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn. 38(11), 1307–1333 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dimitrakopoulos, E.G.: Seismic response analysis of skew bridges with pounding deck-abutment joints. Eng. Struct. 33(3), 813–826 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Huo, Y.L.; Zhang, J.: Effects of pounding and skewness on seismic responses of typical multispan highway bridges using the fragility function method. J. Bridge Eng. 18(6), 499–515 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Papadrakakis, M.; Mouzakis, H.; Plevris, N.; Bitzarakis, S.: A Lagrange multiplier solution method for pounding of buildings during earthquakes. Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn 20(11), 981–998 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Athanassiadou, C.J.; Penelis, G.G.; Kappos, A.J.: Seismic response of adjacent buildings with similar or different dynamic characteristics. Earthq. Spectra 10(2), 293–317 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Malhotra, P.K.: Dynamics of seismic pounding at expansion joints of concrete bridges. J. Eng. Mech. 124(7), 794–802 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    DesRoches, R.; Muthukumar, S.: Effect of pounding and restrainers on seismic response of multiple-frame bridges. J. Struct. Eng. 128(7), 860–869 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Maison, B.F.; Kasai, K.: Dynamics of pounding when two buildings collide. Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn. 21, 771–786 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jankowski, R.; Wilde, K.; Fujino, Y.: Pounding of super-structure segments in isolated elevated bridge during earthquakes. Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn. 27(5), 487–502 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Anagnostopoulos, S.A.: Pounding of buildings in series during earthquakes. Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn. 16, 443–456 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Anagnostopoulos, S.A.: Equivalent viscous damping for modeling inelastic impacts in earthquake pounding problems. Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn. 33(8), 897–902 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Chau, K.T.; Wei, X.X.: Pounding of structures modeled as non-linear impacts of two oscillators. Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn. 30, 633–651 (2001).  https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.27 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Muthukumar, S.; DesRoches, R.: A Hertz contact model with non-linear damping for pounding simulation. Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn. 35(7), 811–828 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ruangrassamee, A.; Kawashima, K.: Relative displacement response spectra with pounding effect. Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn. 30(10), 1511–1538 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Chouw, N.; Hao, H.: Study of SSI and non-uniform ground motion effect on pounding between bridge girders. Soil Dyn. Earthq. Eng. 25(7–10), 717–728 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Chouw, N.; Hao, H.: Significance of SSI and non-uniform near-fault ground motions in bridge response I: effect on response with conventional expansion joint. Eng. Struct. 30(1), 141–153 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Saadeghvaziri, M.A.; Yazdani-Motlagh, A.: Inelastic seismic response of stiffening systems and development of responses spectrum: application to MSSS bridges. Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn. 36(14), 2153–2169 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    ADINA. “ADINA theory and modeling guide”. Technical Report ARD 13-8, (2013)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Bouaanani, N.; Lu, F.Y.: Assessment of potential-based fluid finite elements for seismic analysis of dam-reservoir systems. Comput. Struct. 87(3–4), 206–224 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wei, K.; Yuan, W.C.; Bouaanani, N.: Experimental and numerical assessment of the three-dimensional modal dynamic response of bridge pile foundations submerged in water. J. Bridge Eng. 18(10), 1032–1041 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Deng, Y. L.; Guo, Q. K.; Xu, L. Q.: Experimental and numerical study on modal dynamic response of water-surrounded slender bridge pier with pile foundation. Shock Vib. (2017)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Jankowski, R.; Wilde, K.; Fujino, Y.: Reduction of pounding effects in elevated bridges during earthquakes. Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn. 29, 195–212 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Muthukumar, S.; DesRoches, R.: Effect of frame-restoring force characteristics on the pounding response of multiple-frame bridges. Earthq. Spectra 21(4), 1113–1135 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Road and Bridge Engineering, School of TransportationWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringChongqing Jiaotong UniversityChongqingChina

Personalised recommendations