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Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 65–74 | Cite as

Overweight and Obesity Prevalence Pattern and Associated Risk Factors Among the People of Malakand Division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan

  • Muhammad Imran
  • Nasrullah Khan
  • Aftab Ali Shah
  • Irshad AhmadEmail author
Research Article - Biological Sciences
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

We studied the prevalence and key risk factors responsible for overweight and obesity in different age and sex groups in Malakand Division Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. Several components of lipid profile and body mass index were obtained for 562 individuals of the population using standard techniques of WHO. Preclinical data were collected based on stratified random sampling design to investigate about the lifestyle, food, blood pressure, cigarette consumption, snuff use and other diseases and life activities. The prevalence of overweight and obesity and their relationship with different gradients were investigated using multivariate analysis, i.e., cluster analysis and ordination techniques. Multivariate analysis classified the individuals into three major dichotomies (groups) and identified triglyceride, cholesterol, low-density lipoproteins and total lipids (\(P>\,0.001\)) as the most influential factors associated with the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the region. The results showed the highest percentage (40%) of obese individuals followed by overweight (38%) and normal (22%), respectively, in the age ranged from 15 to 61 years. It indicated that overweight and obesity is common and an overriding phenomenon in the area. Our findings showed that obesity is significantly higher in female particularly in married women as compare to the male individuals may be due to the unawareness, lifestyle and food. The present pilot study is the first comprehensive report that will help understanding on the prevalence and general awareness about the risk factors associated with overweight and obesity “a Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)” in Pakistan.

Keywords

Obesity Risk factors Body mass index Non-communicable diseases Public health problem Classification and ordination 

Abbreviations

BMI

Body mass index

WHO

World Health Organization

HDL

High-density lipoproteins

LDL

Low-density lipoproteins

TL

Total lipids

TG

Triglyceride

CH

Cholesterol

NCDs

Non-communicable diseases

CVD

Cardiovascular diseases

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Notes

Acknowledgements

The personal assistance of I.A. by KFUPM is acknowledged. Dr. Shahid Shaukat (University of Karachi) is acknowledged for the necessary guidance. Dr. Tariq (University of Malakand) is acknowledged for the English editing of the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Imran
    • 1
  • Nasrullah Khan
    • 3
  • Aftab Ali Shah
    • 2
  • Irshad Ahmad
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Medical Microbiology and ParasitologyZhejiang University School of MedicineHangzhouP. R. China
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyUniversity of MalakandKhyber PakhtunkhwaPakistan
  3. 3.Department of BotanyUniversity of MalakandKhyber PakhtunkhwaPakistan
  4. 4.Department of Life SciencesKing Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia

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