Advertisement

Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 4277–4287 | Cite as

Effect of Petroleum Products on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Concrete and the Reliability of Load-Bearing Structures

  • Alexander P. SvintsovEmail author
Research Article - Civil Engineering
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

Petroleum products, which are widely used in technological processes, fall on concrete and reinforced concrete elements of structures and gradually impregnate them. This can have a negative impact on their reliability and mechanical safety. The influence of oil products with different viscosities on the deformative properties of concrete under axial compression has not been fully studied. Techniques and recommendations for assessing the reliability of concrete and reinforced concrete structures do not take into account changes in their initial deformation properties. This constrains the ability to predict the probability of failure-free operation of load-bearing concrete and reinforced concrete structures in industrial buildings. The aim of the study is to determine the effect of petroleum products with different viscosity (lamp kerosene, industrial oil I-30A, diesel fuel, furnace masut M-40) on the longitudinal and transverse deformation of concrete under axial compression. The study is based on the analysis and generalization of experimental data. It is experimentally established that longitudinal and transverse deformations depend on the viscosity of the impregnated petroleum product and the value of axial compression. Empirical models are developed which enables to calculate the index of mechanical safety as a measure of reliability of bearing concrete and reinforced concrete structures taking into account the operating conditions. The obtained results allow to make scientifically grounded forecast of deformation properties change of bearing concrete and reinforced concrete structures impregnated with oil products and to give quantitative characteristic of their technical condition. Research in this direction is being continued.

Keywords

Viscosity Safety Stress Load-bearing structures 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author is grateful to Tamara I. Gusakova, Professor of Peoples’ Friendship University, for her work in translating the manuscript into English.

Funding

The publication was prepared with the support of the «RUDN University Program 5-100». The Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation.

References

  1. 1.
    Chura, M.N.; Chura, N.N.: On the approaches and examples of the dangerous industrial objects evaluation. Life Saf. 8, 18–22 (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Assaad, J.J.: Disposing used engine oils in concrete—optimum dosage and compatibility with water reducers. Constr. Build. Mater. 44, 734–742 (2013).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.03.078 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Abdul Ahad, R.B.; Mohammed, A.A.: Compressive and tensile strength of concrete loaded and soaked in crude oil. Eng. J. Qatar Univ. 13, 123–140 (2000). http://quspace.qu.edu.qa/bitstream/handle/10576/7895/06-00-13-0007-fulltext.pdf?sequence=8&isAllowed=y Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Diab, H.: Compressive strength performance of low- and high-strength concrete soaked in mineral oil. Constr. Build. Mater. 33, 25–31 (2012).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.01.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yusupova, Y.F.: Influence of petroleum oil on the performance of reinforced concrete structures. Bull. Kazan State Archit. Civ. Eng. Univ. 1(9), 137–140 (2008)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vorobiev, A.A.; Kazakov, A.S.: Durability of building structures at operation in industrial buildings when exposed to petroleum products. Bull. Peoples’ Friendsh. Univ. Russia Eng. Stud. 2, 32–35 (2010)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Błaszczyński, T.Z.: The influence of crude oil products on RC structure destruction. J. Civ. Eng. Manag. (2011).  https://doi.org/10.3846/13923730.2011.561522 Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jasim, A.T.; Jawad, F.A.: Effect of oil on strength of normal and high performance concrete. Al-Qadisiyah J. Eng. Sci. 3(1), 24–32 (2017). edu.iqGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Permiakova, V.V.; Lebedeva, N.A.; Pojhitkova, O.A.: Research of the condition of concrete and reinforced concrete structures exposed to waste petroleum oil. Bull. All-Russ. Res. Inst. Hydraul. Eng. named after B. E. Vedeneev. 237, 18–24 (2000).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Svintsov, A.P.; Nikolenko, YuV; Kazakov, A.S.; et al.: Effect of viscosity of petroleum products on deformation properties of concrete. Mag. Civ. Eng. 51(7), 16–22 (2014).  https://doi.org/10.5862/MCE.51.2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Vorobiev, A.A.; Basov, YuK: Deformation of petroleum-soaked concrete at the short axial compression. Compos. Struct. 4, 88–95 (2008)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Vasiliev, N.M.: Deformability of petroleum-soaked concrete. Concr. Reinf. Concr. 12, 10–11 (1988)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Vorobiev, A.A.; Mohammad, S.: Influence of petroleum products on some deformation properties of concrete under short-term loading. Concr. Reinf. Concr. 6, 18–20 (2003)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yurtdas, I.; Xie, S.Y.; Burlion, N.; Shao, J.F.; Saint-Marc, J.; Garnier, A.: Influence of chemical degradation on mechanical behavior of a petroleum cement paste. Cem. Concr. Res. 41(4), 412–421 (2011).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2011.01.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zhang, J.; Weissinger, E.A.; Peethamparan, S.; Scherer, G.W.: Early hydration and setting of oil well cement. Cem. Concr. Res. 40(7), 1023–1033 (2010).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2010.03.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kameche, Z.A.; Ghomari, F.; Choinska, M.; Khelidj, A.: Assessment of liquid water and gas permeabilities of partially saturated ordinary concrete. Constr. Build. Mater. 65, 551–565 (2014).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.04.137 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Matti, M.A.: Effect of oil soaking on the dynamic modulus of concrete. Int. J. Cem. Compos. Lightweight Concr. 5(4), 277–282 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Balakrishnaiah, D.; Balaji, K.V.G.D.; Srinivasa, R.P.: Study of mechanical properties of concrete at elevated temperatures—a review. Int. J. Res. Eng. Technol. 2(08), 317–330 (2013).  https://doi.org/10.15623/ijret.2013.0208050 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wright, R.N.; Smith, G.: Oil storage tank collapsses. Oil Gas J. 46, 49–54 (1988)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Emery, G.: Tank-bottoms reclamation unit ipgraded to meet stricter rules. Oil Gas J. 91(15), 40–46 (1993)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Latypov, V.M.; Babkov, V.V.; Vagapov, R.F.; Sharipov, E.K.; Arkhipov, V.G.: Durability of reinforced concrete structures for the crude oil storage tanks. Concr. Reinf. Concr. 6, 21–24 (2001)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Svintsov, A.P.; Gamal, T.S.F.; Shumilin, E.E.: Effect of mineral and vegetable oil on deformation properties of concrete. Bull. Peoples’ Friendsh. Univ. Russia Eng. Stud. 18(2), 245–53 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.22363/2312-8143-2017-18-2-245-253 Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Arutyunyan, A.R.; Aratyunyan, R.A.: Fatigue criterion based on the concept of latent strain energy. Phys. Mech. 13(2), 31–39 (2010)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Schijve, J.: Fatigue of structures and the 20th century and the state of the art. Int. J. Fatigue 25(8), 679–702 (2003).  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0142-1123(03)00051-3 CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Novikova, O.O.; Senyushchenkova, I.M.: Aggressive factors influencing on underground parts of buildings and structures in oil-contaminated soils. Ind. Civ. Eng. 9, 24–25 (2012)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Glazunov, Y.V.: Features of concrete failure at multiple repeated load. Sci. Tech. J. Munic. Serv. Kharkiv 47, 34–38 (2003)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Koltsun, Y.I.; Khibnik, T.A.: Methods of calculating the period of fatigue crack growth and its graphic generalization. Bull. Samara State Aerosp. Univ. named after Academician SP. Korolev. 3, 70–79 (2009)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Shpete, G.: Reliability of the Bearing Construction Designs. Stroyizdat, Moscow (1994)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Mirsayapov, I.T.: Physical models of the fatigue resistance of reinforced concrete flexural elements to the share forces. Bull. Kazan State Arch. Civ. Eng. Univ. 5, 82–86 (2006)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Mirsayapov, I.T.: Zones of stress concentration under cyclic loading in the zone of shear forces in reinforced concrete beams. Bull. Kazan State Arch. Civ. Eng. Univ. 9, 83–88 (2008)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Svintsov, A.P.; Nikolenko, YuV; Kazakov, A.S.: Endurance assessment of the concrete and reinforced concrete load-bearing structures, impregnated by petroleum. Bull. Peoples’ Friendsh. Univ. Russia Eng. Stud. 4, 35–40 (2014)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Svintsov, A.P.; Nikolenko, YuV; Kazakov, A.S.: Forecasting of emergency situations at industrial buildings with a negative impact by petroleum products on concrete and reinforced concrete structures. Publishing House of RUDN, Moscow (2015)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Fuel, Lubricating Materials, Technical Liquids. Reference Book. Edited by Shkolnikov V.M. Techinform, Moscow (1999)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Puchkov, Y.M.; Semenev, V.G.: The construction and analysis of empirical formulas. Russian Academy of Sciences, Ural Division, Institute of Mining. Ekaterinburg, UrD RAN (2007)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering of Academy of EngineeringPeoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)MoscowRussian Federation

Personalised recommendations