Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 4075–4084 | Cite as

Effect of Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) on the Setting Time of Cement at Different Temperatures as well as on the Mechanical Strength of Concrete

  • Kashif Ali KhanEmail author
  • Izhar Ahmad
  • Muhammad Alam
Research Article - Civil Engineering


This study presents the effect of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) on the setting time of cement at different temperatures as well as on the compressive, flexural and tensile strength of concrete. Setting time tests were conducted at various percentages of EVA at different temperatures (i-e 22, 35 and \(50\,^{\circ }\hbox {C}\)). It was found that the setting time was increasing with an increase in the EVA percentage. Moreover, for strength evaluation, samples of EVA-modified concrete were prepared with various percentages of EVA by weight of cement and then tested for compressive, flexural and tensile strength at the curing age of 3, 7 and 28 days. The results revealed that the compressive and flexural strength of EVA-modified concrete tended to increase at a rapid rate by incorporating EVA up to 16%, but beyond this percentage the rate of strength development become slow at all the ages, but in case of split tensile strength, it was maximum at 4% EVA and got decreased with further increase in EVA percentage.


Ethylene vinyl acetate Compressive strength Flexural strength Split tensile strength Polymer-modified concrete Setting time 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



This study did not obtain any grant from any funding agency in commercial, public or any not-for-profit organizations.


  1. 1.
    Cresson, L.: Improved manufacture of rubber road-acing, rubber-flooring, rubber-tiling or other rubber-lining. British Patent 191, 12 (1923)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lefebure, V.: Improvements in or relating to concrete, cements, plasters and the like. British Patent 217, 5 (1924)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kong, X.M.; Wu, C.C.; Zhang, Y.R.; Li, J.L.: Polymer-modified mortar with a gradient polymer distribution: preparation, permeability and mechanical behavior. Constr. Build. Mater. 38, 195–203 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ohama, Y.: Polymers in concrete. In: Chandra, S., Ohama, Y. (eds.) Classification of Concrete-Polymer Composites, pp. 81–109. CRC Press, Boca Raton (1994)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ohama, Y.; Ibe, H.; Mine, H.; Kato, K.: Cement mortars modified by SB latex with variable bound styrene. Rubber Chem. Technol. 37, 758–769 (1964)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Folic, R.J.; Radonjanin, V.S.: Experimental research on polymer modified concrete. Am. Concr. Inst. 95, 463–469 (1998)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jenni, A.; Zurbriggen, R.; Holzer, L.; Herwegh, M.: Changes in microstructures and physical properties of polymer-modified mortars during wet storage. Cem. Concr. Res. 36, 79–90 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pascal, S.; Alliche, A.; Pilvin, P.: Mechanical behavior of polymer modified mortars. Mater. Sci. Eng. A 380, 1–8 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hong-yun, Y.; Nai-xing, L.; Jing-yu, M.: The Design of the Polymer Cement Concrete Pavement and the Analysis of Test Road. Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing (2005)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Miller, M.: Polymers in Cementitious Materials. iSmithers Rapra Publishing, Shawbury (2005)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ohama, Y.: Handbook of Polymer-modified Concrete and Mortars: Properties and Process Technology. William Andrew, Park Ridge (1995)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ohama, Y.: Polymer-based admixtures. Cem. Concr. Compos. 20, 189–212 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zhong, S.Y.; Chen, Z.Y.: Properties of latex blends and its modified cement mortars. Cem. Concr. Res. 32, 1515–1524 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhong, S.Y.; Shi, M.L.; Chen, Z.Y.: The AC response of polymer-coated mortar specimens. Cem. Concr. Res. 32, 983–987 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yang, Z.; Shi, X.; Creighton, A.T.; Peterson, M.M.: Effect of styrene-butadiene rubber latex on the chloride permeability and microstructure of Portland cement mortar. Constr. Build. Mater. 23, 2283–2290 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mirza, J.; Mirza, M.S.; Lapointe, R.: Laboratory and field performance of polymer-modified cement-based repair mortars in cold climates. Constr. Build. Mater. 16, 365–74 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wang, R.; Wang, P.: Function of styrene-acrylic ester copolymer latex in cement mortar. Mater. Struct. 43, 443–51 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Al-Zahrani, M.M.; Maslehuddin, M.; Al-Dulaijan, S.U.; Ibrahim, M.: Mechanical properties and durability characteristics of polymer and cement-based repair materials. Cem. Concr. Compos. 24, 527–37 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ohama, Y.: Polymer-based materials for repair and improved durability: Japanese experience. Constr. Build. Mater. 10, 77–82 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ohama, Y.: Principle of latex modification and some typical properties of latex-modified mortars and concretes adhesion; binders (materials); bond (paste to aggregate); carbonation; chlorides; curing; diffusion. Am. Concr. Inst. 84, 511–518 (1987)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sakai, E.; Sugita, J.: Composite mechanism of polymer modified cement. Cem. Concr. Res. 25, 127–135 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Berardi, V.P.; Mancusi, G.: A mechanical model for predicting the long term behavior of reinforced polymer concretes. Mech. Res. Commun. 50, 1–7 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Afridi, M.U.K.; Ohama, Y.; Demura, K.; Lqbal, M.Z.: Development of polymer films by the coalescence of polymer particles in powdered and aqueous polymer-modified mortars. Cem. Concr. Res. 33, 1715–21 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Schulze, J.: Influence of water–cement ratio and cement content on the properties of polymer-modified mortars. Cem. Concr. Res. 29, 909–915 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Son, S.W.; Yeon, J.H.: Mechanical properties of acrylic polymer concrete containing methacrylic acid as an additive. Constr. Build. Mater. 37, 669–679 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Shaker, F.A.; El-Dieb, A.S.; Reda, M.M.: Durability of styrene-butadiene latex modified concrete. Cem. Concr. Res. 27, 711–720 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Rossignolo, J.A.; Agnesini, M.V.C.: Durability of polymer-modified lightweight aggregate concrete. Cem. Concr. Compos. 26, 375–380 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    ACI-Committee-548: Polymer-Modified Concrete, ACI 548. 3R-03. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills (2003)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Chung, D.D.L.: Use of polymers for cement-based structural materials. J. Mater. Sci. 39, 2973–2978 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Ramakrishnan, V.: Latex-Modified Concretes and Mortars. Transportation Research Board, Washington (1992)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Schulze, J.; Killermann, O.: Long-term performance of redispersible powders in mortars. Cem. Concr. Res. 31, 357–362 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Pei, M.; Kim, W.; Hyung, W.; Ango, A.J.; Soh, Y.: Effects of emulsifiers on properties of poly(styrene-butyl acrylate) latex-modified mortars. Cem. Concr. Res. 32, 837–841 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Barluenga, G.; Hernández-Olivares, F.: SBR latex modified mortar rheology and mechanical behaviour. Cem. Concr. Res. 34, 527–535 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Bureau, L.; Alliche, A.; Pilvin, P.; Pascal, S.: Mechanical characterization of a styrene-butadiene modified mortar. Mater. Sci. Eng. 308, 233–40 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Khan, B.; Baradan, B.: Effect of sugar on setting time of cement. Q. Sci. Vision. 8, 71–78 (2002)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Wade, S.A.; Nixon, J.M.; Schindler, A.K.; Barnes, R.W.: Effect of temperature on the setting behavior of concrete. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 22, 214 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Ezziane, k; Kadri, E.H.; Hallal, A.; Duval, R.: Effect of mineral additives on the setting of blended cement by the maturity method. Mater. Struct. 43, 393–401 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Kim, H.J.; Won-Jun, P.: Combustion and mechanical properties of polymer-modified cement mortar at high temperature. Adv. Mater. Sci. Eng. (2017). Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Silva, D.A.; Monteiro, P.J.: The influence of polymers on the hydration of Portland cement phases analyzed by soft X-ray transmission microscopy. Cem. Concr. Res. 36, 1501–1507 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Stefan, M.B.: Interaction of Latex Polymers with Cement-Based Building Materials. The dissertation, Technical University of Munich, Faculty of Chemistry (2014)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Razaqpur, A.G.; Isgor, B.O.; Greenaway, S.; Selley, A.: Concrete contribution to the shear resistance of fiber reinforced polymer reinforced concrete members. ASCE J. Compos. Constr. 5, 452–460 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Gorninski, J.P.; Dal Molin, D.C.; Kazmierczak, C.S.: Strength degradation of polymer concrete in acidic environments. Cem. Concr. Compos. 8, 637–645 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Abdel-Fattah, H.; El-Hawary, M.M.: Flexural behavior of polymer concrete. Constr. Build. Mater. 5, 253–262 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringCECOS University of IT and Emerging SciencesPeshawarPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringImperial College of Business Studies LahoreLahorePakistan
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringAbasyn UniversityPeshawarPakistan

Personalised recommendations