Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 123–129 | Cite as

Synthesis and Characterization of LiMnPO\(_{4}\) Cathode Material via Dittmarite-Type \(\hbox {NH}_{4}\hbox {MnPO}_{4}{\cdot }\hbox {H}_{2}\hbox {O}\) as an Intermediate Compound

  • R. El KhalfaouyEmail author
  • A. Elabed
  • A. Addaou
  • A. Laajeb
  • A. Lahsini
Research Article - Chemistry


Dittmarite-type compound \(\hbox {NH}_{4}\hbox {MnPO}_{4}{\cdot }\hbox {H}_{2}\hbox {O}\) was used as a precursor for the synthesis of nanostructured \(\text {LiMnPO}_{4}\) phospho-olivine material with spherical-like morphology. \(\hbox {NH}_{4}\hbox {MnPO}_{4}{\cdot }\hbox {H}_{2}\hbox {O}\) intermediate compound was successfully synthesized by a new method based on precipitation technique. \(\text {LiMnPO}_{4}\) composite was generated by solid-state reaction of the pre-synthesized compound \(\hbox {NH}_{4}\hbox {MnPO}_{4}{\cdot }\hbox {H}_{2}\hbox {O}\) with lithium chloride LiCl. The dehydration of \(\hbox {NH}_{4}\hbox {MnPO}_{4}{\cdot } \hbox {H}_{2}\hbox {O}\) and \(\hbox {NH}_{4}\hbox {MnPO}_{4}{\cdot } \hbox {H}_{2}\hbox {O}+\hbox {LiCl}\) products was studied by differential thermal analysis/thermogravimetric analysis. Structural and morphological characterization of both \(\hbox {NH}_{4}\hbox {MnPO}_{4}{\cdot } \hbox {H}_{2}\hbox {O}\) and \(\text {LiMnPO}_{4}\) was performed by X-ray diffraction analysis, scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, energy dispersion spectroscopy and Raman spectra analyses. It was found that the morphology and texture of the dittmarite-type precursor results in non-uniform distribution with a preferred orientation along the [0 1 0] direction. Contrariwise, the LMP nanoparticles are packaged together in a compact manner with spherical shape and good distribution, with various sizes in the range of 0.9 ± 0.1 \(\upmu \)m.


Synthesis Olivine Precipitation Solid-state Lithium-ion 


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© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sciences and Technologies of Process Engineering LaboratorySidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah UniversityFezMorocco
  2. 2.Microbial Biotechnology LaboratorySidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah UniversityFezMorocco

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