Bioethanol Production from Water Hyacinth Hydrolysate by Candida tropicalis Y-26

  • Hekmat R. Madian
  • Nagwa M. Sidkey
  • Mostafa M. Abo Elsoud
  • Hamed I. Hamouda
  • Ahmed M. Elazzazy
Research Article - Biological Sciences
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

Biofuel production has attracted much attention in the last few decades. Much effort has been applied to decrease the production cost of bioethanol by using agricultural waste materials. Saccharification of lignocellulosic agricultural waste materials increases the amount of available sugars and thus reduces bioethanol production costs. Here, about 14 g/l of bioethanol (185 mg/g of dry material) was produced by Candida tropicalis Y-26 using production medium with water hyacinth hydrolysate as the sole carbon source. This hydrolysate was produced, after screening and mathematical modeling, by a combination of Aspergillus terreus F-98 and acid hydrolysis \((\hbox {H}_{2}\hbox {SO}_{4})\) treatments to give 409 mg/g total reducing sugars. The use of a combination of A. terreus F-98 and acid hydrolysis with \(\hbox {H}_{2}\hbox {SO}_{4}\), 4.66% (v/v); water hyacinth biomass, 7.56% (w/v); reaction temperature, \(119.27\,^{\circ }\hbox {C}\); and reaction time, 16.11 min was optimal for the saccharification of water hyacinth.

Keywords

Water hyacinth Chemical hydrolysis Fungal hydrolysis Optimization Fermentable sugars Bioethanol 

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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Egyptian Petroleum Research InstituteNasr City, CairoEgypt
  2. 2.Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of ScienceAl Azhar UniversityCairoEgypt
  3. 3.Microbial Biotechnology DepartmentNational Research CentreDokki, GizaEgypt
  4. 4.Biological Sciences Department, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of JeddahJeddahSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.Chemistry of Natural and Microbial Products DepartmentNational Research CenterDokki, GizaEgypt

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