Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 695–705 | Cite as

Study of Spark-Ignition Engine Fueled with Hydrogen Produced by the Reaction Between Aluminum and Water in Presence of KOH

  • Mohamed BrayekEmail author
  • Mohamed Ali Jemni
  • Zied Driss
  • Gueorgui Kantchev
  • Mohamed Salah Abid
Research Article - Mechanical Engineering


Hydrogen is seen as one of the important energy vectors of the century. There are several alternatives procedures to produce it in high purity; aluminum corrosion could be considered as one of the most attractive ones. The use of hydrogen derived with this process in spark-ignition engines forms a promising approach to decarbonize hydrogen production and secure domestic energy supply. This study describes the development of an experimental setup for hydrogen production and testing a SI engine in the hydrogen-fueled mode. This paper investigates the effect of aluminum thickness (specific surface) and alkali concentration on the reaction rate. The experimental results show that an increase in alkali concentration and a reduction in aluminum thickness increase hydrogen production rate. The produced hydrogen was used as fuel for a single-cylinder spark-ignition engine. The experiments were conducted under various engine speeds. It is found that hydrogen combustion produces a lower exhaust gas temperature than gasoline, although \(\hbox {NO}_{{x}}\) emissions decrease about 11 times compared to gasoline. It was expected that CO, \(\hbox {CO}_{2}\) and HC levels are zero when the engine is supplied with hydrogen, but it is found that there is a slight trace of CO, \(\hbox {CO}_{2}\) and HC due to combustion and evaporation of lubricant on cylinder walls.


Aluminum Engine performance Hydrogen Pollutant concentrations SI engine 


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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Brayek
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mohamed Ali Jemni
    • 1
  • Zied Driss
    • 1
  • Gueorgui Kantchev
    • 1
  • Mohamed Salah Abid
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Electro-Mechanic Systems (LASEM), National School of Engineers of Sfax (ENIS)University of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  2. 2.Mechanical Department, Wadi Ad-Dawasir College of TechnologyTechnical and Vocational Training CorporationRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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