Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 43, Issue 11, pp 5989–5998 | Cite as

Effect of Basicity on the Reduction Behavior of Iron Ore Pellets

  • Manoja Kumar MohantyEmail author
  • Srishti Mishra
  • Bhagiratha Mishra
  • Smarajit Sarkar
Research Article - Chemical Engineering


Physicochemical properties of the iron ore pellets depend on the iron oxide concentrate, gangue content and the amount of fluxes added. The objective of this present work is to study the reducibility as well as the softening–melting behavior of the iron ore bearing fines (mainly containing hematite) pellet with lime to silica ratio (C/S) varying from 0.9 to 2.4 in the temperature range of 1100–\(1400 \,^{{\circ }}\hbox {C}\). Reduction test results show that the highest degree of reduction and degree of metallization of about 95.1 and 94.3%, respectively, are achieved for pellets having C/S ratio 1.6 reduced at \(1400\,^{{\circ }}\hbox {C}\) for 60 min. Further increase in C/S ratio resulted in lowering the reduction rates due to the formation of calcium ferrite phases as confirmed from X-ray diffractogram and photomicrographs. However, softening–melting characteristics study of slag (C/S above 1.6) revealed that the slag of C/S ratio 2.0 can be considered as primary slag.


Iron ore pellet Reduction Basicity Softening–melting characteristics 


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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manoja Kumar Mohanty
    • 1
    Email author
  • Srishti Mishra
    • 1
  • Bhagiratha Mishra
    • 2
  • Smarajit Sarkar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyRourkelaIndia
  2. 2.Dalmia Institute of Scientific and Industrial ResearchRajgangpurIndia

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