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Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 43, Issue 11, pp 5919–5927 | Cite as

Potential of Chambersite Tailing as Raw Material for the Preparation of Glass Ceramic: Investigation on Crystallization Behavior and Crystal Structure

  • Qingguo Tang
  • Xiaozhan Mu
  • Xinhui Duan
  • C. Srinivasakannan
  • Jingsheng Liang
  • Debao Ding
  • Zhigang Zhao
Research Article - Chemical Engineering
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

The feasibility of preparing glass ceramic from chambersite gravity tailings was explored. The crystallization parameters and state of glass ceramic were analyzed by Johnson–Mehl–Avrami and Augis–Bennett equations. The effects of sintering temperature and crystallization duration on bending strength and water absorption of glass ceramic were investigated, while the phase composition, crystal structure, lattice constants and surface topography were characterized. The results indicate the crystallization behavior of chambersite tailings glass ceramic is mainly body crystallization with clinopyroxene as a primary crystalline phase, the activation energy for crystallization (E) is 315.27 kJ/mol, the kinetics parameter for crystallization (k) is \(7.98\times 10^{14}\), and the main phase lattice constants of clinopyroxene were \(a=0.97392\) nm, \(b=0.88521\) nm, \(c=0.52748\) nm, \(\beta =107.062{^{\circ }}\). At sintering temperature of 890 \(^{\circ }\)C, pyroxene crystal with tetragonal column structure is formed, the diameter of the crystal is about 0.05–0.5 \(\upmu \)m, while the crystallinity is more than 75%; the bending strength of the glass ceramic increases with the decrease in material particle size; at the \(\hbox {D}_{90}\) of 5.71 \(\upmu \)m and crystallization duration of 150 min, the bending strength of glass ceramic reaches the maximum of 128.3 MPa and the water absorption is between 0.06 and 0.02%.

Keywords

Chambersite Gravity tailings Glass ceramic Crystallization behavior Crystal structure 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

The research was supported by Geologic Survey Bureau of China through project “Comprehensive Utilization and Practicability Research of Mineral Resources” (12120114077401), Natural Science Foundation of China (51641403/E0418), Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (E2013202142) and Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (E2015202312), China.

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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qingguo Tang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaozhan Mu
    • 3
  • Xinhui Duan
    • 1
    • 2
  • C. Srinivasakannan
    • 4
  • Jingsheng Liang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Debao Ding
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhigang Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Special Functional Materials for Ecological Environment and Information (Hebei University of Technology)Ministry of EducationTianjinChina
  2. 2.Institute of Power Source and Ecomaterials ScienceHebei University of TechnologyTianjinChina
  3. 3.CAS Key Laboratory of Green Process and Engineering, Institute of Process EngineeringChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Chemical Engineering ProgramThe Petroleum InstituteAbu DhabiUnited Arab Emirates

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