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Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 43, Issue 11, pp 5799–5808 | Cite as

Preparation of Chitosan/Bone Char/\(\hbox {Fe}_{3}\hbox {O}_{4}\) Nanocomposite for Adsorption of Hexavalent Chromium in Aquatic Environments

  • Reza Darvishi Cheshmeh Soltani
  • Mahdi Safari
  • Afshin maleki
  • Reza Rezaee
  • Pari Teymouri
  • Seyed Enayat Hashemi
  • Reza Ghanbari
  • Yahya Zandsalimi
Research Article - Chemical Engineering
  • 101 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, magnetic chitosan/bone char/\(\hbox {Fe}_{3}\hbox {O}_{4}\) nanocomposite (MCB–\(\hbox {Fe}_{3}\hbox {O}_{4}\) nanocomposite) was prepared and utilized as an adsorbent for the removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous environments. The effects of influencing parameters such as initial concentration of Cr(VI), adsorbent dose, initial pH, mixing rate, salinity and the existing of competing organic compounds on the adsorption of Cr(VI) were investigated. According to the obtained results, the adsorption process followed the pseudo-first-order kinetic model and Langmuir adsorption isotherm model. Decreasing initial pH from 11 to 2 resulted in increasing the removal efficiency (%) from 24.94 to 88.60%, respectively. Also, the efficiency (%) of Cr(VI) removal increased from 33.73 to 98.81% when the dose of adsorbent rose from 0.25 to 4.0 g/L, respectively. The presence of ethanol and humic acid in solution resulted in decreasing the removal efficiency (%) of Cr(VI) ions.

Keywords

Hexavalent chromium Adsorption Nanocomposite Bone char Polymeric matrix 

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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reza Darvishi Cheshmeh Soltani
    • 1
  • Mahdi Safari
    • 2
    • 3
  • Afshin maleki
    • 2
  • Reza Rezaee
    • 2
    • 3
  • Pari Teymouri
    • 2
  • Seyed Enayat Hashemi
    • 4
  • Reza Ghanbari
    • 5
  • Yahya Zandsalimi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Health, School of HealthArak University of Medical SciencesArakIran
  2. 2.Environmental Health Research CenterKurdistan University of Medical SciencesSanandajIran
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of HealthKurdistan University of Medical SciencesSanandajIran
  4. 4.Department of Environmental Health, School of HealthBushehr University of Medical SciencesBushehrIran
  5. 5.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public HealthQazvin University of Medical SciencesQazvinIran

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