Ventral striatal and septal area hypermetabolism on FDG-PET in herpes simplex viral encephalitis
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A 71-year-old man presented with sudden onset, generalized tonic-clonic seizures and altered mental status. Initial brain magnetic resonance imaging was normal but a brain FDG-PET scan showed hypermetabolism in the left ventral striatum and septal area. Initial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination showed mildly elevated protein but herpes simplex virus (HSV) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was negative. A repeat CSF examination performed 9 days later showed a positive HSV PCR. Histopathological and immunohistochemical examination of autopsy specimen confirmed the presence of CD45+ lymphocytes and HSV antigen, suggesting the presence of both inflammation and viral infection corresponding to PET abnormality.
KeywordsHerpes simplex virus Encephalitis PET Fluorodeoxyglucose
We gratefully acknowledge Prof. Martin A Samuels, MD, and Prof. David Silbersweig, MD, for their intellectual inputs and encouragement.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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