Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-Coated Probe Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry Determines Phorbol Esters and Deoxyphorbol Metabolites in Jatropha curcas Leaves
In this study, a molecularly imprinted polymer-coated probe electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (MIPCPESI-MS) method was developed for detection of phorbol esters (PEs) and deoxyphorbol metabolites in Jatropha curcas leaves. Such an approach was established by sticking on a metallic needle a molecularly imprinted polymer to particularly design a MIP-coated probe for selective sampling and ionization of PEs and deoxyphorbol metabolites. By a subsequent application of a high voltage and methanol, as spray solvent, ESI was generated for direct and rapid analysis under ambient and open-air conditions. MIP-coated probe exhibited a high sampling capacity of the PEs and its metabolites in methanolic extracts of J. curcas leaves compared with the non-imprinted polymer (NIP)-coated probe. MIPCPESI-MS allowed the detection of phorbol 12,13-diacetate (PDA) from J. curcas leaves with minimal sample preparation, and with detection limit and quantification reaching 0.28 μg/mL and 0.92 μg/mL, respectively. Also, good linearity was obtained with R2 > 0.99 and precision and accuracy values between 4.06–13.49% and − 1.60 to − 15.26%, respectively. The current method was successfully applied to screening methanolic extracts of six different J. curcas leaf genotypes (three toxic and three non-toxic). PDA and three PE deoxyphorbol metabolites were identified only from toxic genotypes, in which PDA was determined with concentration ranging from 222.19 ± 23.55 to 528.23 ± 19.72 μg/g. All these findings support that the MIPCPESI-MS method developed here has a high potential for the analysis of PEs in plant extracts enabling differentiation of toxic and non-toxic genotypes earlier in the leaves.
KeywordsProbe electrospray ionization (PESI) Molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) Phorbol esters
This work received institutional and financial support by CAPES, CNPq, and FAPEG.
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