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Applied Entomology and Zoology

, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 123–128 | Cite as

Continuous variation in hind wing length of Galerucella grisescens (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Galerucinae) and genetic basis of wing length determination

  • Shota Nasu
  • Shôichi Imasaka
  • Kunio Suzuki
  • Jun Ito
  • Hideto Hoshina
  • Hiroo Kanno
  • Chika Suyama
  • Makoto TokudaEmail author
Original Research Paper
  • 28 Downloads

Abstract

Dispersal ability is an important trait for insects that affects their survival and distribution ranges. In this study, we focused on variations in hind wing length in Galerucella grisescens (Joannis 1866) (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Galerucinae). We surveyed frequencies of long-winged (LW) and short-winged or micropterous (SW) individuals in various localities in Japan and conducted crossing experiments using LW and SW individuals to clarify the genetic basis of wing length determination. The SW individuals were mainly found in central Honshu (Kanto, Chubu, and Hokuriku districts), while the LW individuals were widely distributed from Hokkaido to the Southwest Islands of Japan. Hybrid offspring derived from LW and SW parents exhibited hind wings of medium length, and the wing length was maternally affected. These results suggest that the hind wing morph of G. grisescens is determined by polygenic quantitative traits, and the gene(s) of interest may occur on the X-chromosome or other maternal factors.

Keywords

Dispersal ability Leaf beetle Long-winged morph Short-winged morph 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are indebted to M. Abe, H. Miyauchi, K. Ogata, H. Suenaga and A. Yamawo for their kind offer of materials and to S. Shirahama and U. Okamoto for their kind support in laboratory experiments. This study was supported in part by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 26870435 to MT.

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Systems Ecology, Faculty of AgricultureSaga UniversitySagaJapan
  2. 2.E-AssistKurumeJapan
  3. 3.Minami-TaikôyamaImizuJapan
  4. 4.Oshitatechô, FuchuTokyoJapan
  5. 5.Faculty of EducationFukui UniversityFukuiJapan
  6. 6.Higashi-HonchoJoetsuJapan
  7. 7.Faculty of EducationGifu UniversityGifuJapan
  8. 8.The United Graduate School of Agricultural SciencesKagoshima UniversityKagoshimaJapan

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