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Journal of Applied Genetics

, Volume 59, Issue 3, pp 335–344 | Cite as

Genome-wide association study on chicken carcass traits using sequence data imputed from SNP array

  • Shuwen Huang
  • Yingting He
  • Shaopan Ye
  • Jiaying Wang
  • Xiaolong Yuan
  • Hao Zhang
  • Jiaqi Li
  • Xiquan Zhang
  • Zhe Zhang
Animal Genetics • Original Paper

Abstract

Chicken carcass traits are economically important for the chicken industry. Detecting which genes affect chicken carcass traits is of great benefit to the genetic improvement of this important agricultural species. To investigate the genetic mechanism of carcass traits in chickens, we carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS). A total of 435 Chinese indigenous chickens were phenotyped for carcass weight (CW), eviscerated weight with giblets (EWG), and eviscerated weight (EW) after slaughter at 91 days and were genotyped using a 600-K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping array. Twenty-four birds were selected for sequencing, and the 600 K SNP panel data were imputed to sequence data with the 24 birds as the reference. Univariate GWASs were performed with GEMMA software using the whole genome sequence data imputed from SNP chip data. Finally, 3, 25, and 63 suggestively significant SNPs were identified to be associated with carcass weight (CW), eviscerated weight with giblets (EWG), and eviscerated weight (EW), respectively. Six candidate genes, RNF219, SCEL, MYCBP2, ETS1, APLP2, and PRDM10 were detected. SCEL and MYCBP2 were potentially associated with these three traits, RNF219 and APLP2 were potentially associated with EWG and EW, and ETS1 and PRDM10 were only potentially associated with EWG and EW, respectively. Compared with forefathers’ research, 10 reported QTLs associated with CW were located within a 5-Mb distance near the SNPs with P value lower than 1×10−5. This study enriched the knowledge of the genetic mechanisms of chicken carcass traits.

Keywords

Chicken GWAS Imputation Sequence data Carcass traits 

Notes

Funding

This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31772556), the earmarked fund for China Agriculture Research System (CARS-41), the S&T Planning Project of Guangdong (2015A020209159), and the Pearl River S&T Nova Program of Guangzhou (201506010027).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethical approval

The experimental procedures used in this study met the guidelines of the Animal Care and Use Committee of the South China Agricultural University (SCAU) (Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China). All animal experiments of this study were approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee of the SCAU with approval number SCAU#0017. All efforts were made to minimize animal suffering.

Supplementary material

13353_2018_448_MOESM1_ESM.docx (3.6 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 3679 kb)

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Copyright information

© Institute of Plant Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Guangdong Provincial Key Lab of Agro-Animal Genomics and Molecular Breeding, College of Animal ScienceSouth China Agricultural UniversityGuangzhouChina

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