Journal of Meteorological Research

, Volume 33, Issue 5, pp 885–894 | Cite as

The Effect of Solar Cycle on Climate of Northeast Asia

  • Yan SongEmail author
  • Zhicai Li
  • Yu Gu
  • Kuo-Nan Liou
  • Xiaoxin Zhang
  • Ziniu Xiao
Regular Article


The impact of solar activity on climate system is spatiotemporally selective and usually more significant on the regional scale. Using statistical methods and solar radio flux (SRF) data, this paper investigates the impact of the solar 11-yr cycle on regional climate of Northeast Asia in recent decades. Significant differences in winter temperature, precipitation, and the atmospheric circulation over Northeast Asia are found between peak and valley solar activity years. In peak years, temperature is higher over vast areas of the Eurasian continent in middle and high latitudes, and prone to producing anomalous high pressure there. Northeast Asia is located to the south of the anomalous high pressure, where the easterlies prevail and transport moisture from the western Pacific Ocean to the inland of East Asia and intensify precipitation there. In valley years, temperature is lower over the Eurasian continent and northern Pacific Ocean in middle and high latitudes, and there maintain anomalous low pressure systems in the two regions. Over the Northeast Asian continent, north winds prevail, which transport cold and dry air mass from the high latitude to Northeast Asia and reduce precipitation there. The correlation coefficient of winter precipitation in Northeast China and SRF reaches 0.4, and is statistically significant at the 99% confidence level based on the Student’s t-test. The latent heat flux anomalies over the Pacific Ocean caused by solar cycle could explain the spatial pattern of abnormal winter precipitation of China, suggesting that the solar activity may change the climate of Northeast Asia through air-sea interaction.

Key words

solar cycle solar radio flux (SRF) climate anomalies Northeast Asia 


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The precipitation gauge data in China were provided by Jinghua Chen of the Meteorological Information Center, China Meteorological Administration. Dr. Gang Wang from the First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration is thanked for his suggestions and comments to the paper. The power spectrum procedure is prepared and run by Dr. Yuxiang Zhu of the China Meteorological Administration Training Center.


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Meteorological Society and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yan Song
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zhicai Li
    • 2
  • Yu Gu
    • 3
    • 4
  • Kuo-Nan Liou
    • 3
  • Xiaoxin Zhang
    • 5
  • Ziniu Xiao
    • 6
  1. 1.Training CenterChina Meteorological AdministrationBeijingChina
  2. 2.Shanxi Climate CenterTaiyuanChina
  3. 3.University of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  4. 4.Los Angeles Institute for Technology Advancement, Suzhou Industrial Park (UCLA ITA-SIP)University of CaliforniaSuzhouChina
  5. 5.Key Laboratory of Space Weather, National Center for Space WeatherChina Meteorological AdministrationBeijingChina
  6. 6.Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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