Increasing walking steps daily can reduce blood pressure and diabetes in overweight participants
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High blood pressure (BP) and diabetes have been suggested to be non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and they are components in the definition of metabolic syndrome. Further, several studies have reported that the risk of developing NCDs can be reduced by increased physical activity. In addition, a daily target of 10,000 steps has been generally suggested to increase physical activity in sedentary lifestyles. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an accumulation of 10,000 steps daily on BP and blood glucose in overweight participants.
Participants were recruited from males and females, aged 35–59 years, with sedentary lifestyles. A longitudinal quasi-experimental study was designed with 35 participants who had body mass indices ≥25 kg/m2. These volunteers were assigned to the 12-week pedometer-based walking program (an accumulation of at least 10,000 steps daily). Blood glucose and BP were measured before and after the intervention.
Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was significantly lower in 30 individuals who accumulated 10,000 steps daily (−13.74 mmHg). In addition, the reduction of blood glucose levels (−14.89 mg/dl) in the intervention participants was statistically significant (p < 0.001).
The accumulation of at least 10,000 steps daily resulted in decreased SBP and blood glucose in overweight Thai subjects. It could also reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (e.g., hypertension and diabetes).
KeywordsBlood pressure Physical activity Walking Diabetes Blood glucose
The authors acknowledge the help of Mr. Paitoon Dhari, the head of the community health service, and Mrs. Somsong Duren, a registered nurse, in organizing and overseeing participant recruitment in the community. The authors would also like to thank the participants in the community for their participation. This study was fully supported by Thammasat University.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
There is no conflict of interest in the present study.
Human rights statement and informed consent
All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (Thammasat University, Thailand) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later versions. Informed consent or a substitute for it was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.
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