High-Speed Mach-Zehnder-OTDR Distributed Optical Fiber Vibration Sensor Using Medium-Coherence Laser
This article presents a high-speed distributed vibration sensing based on Mach-Zehnder-OTDR (optical time-domain reflectometry). Ultra-weak fiber Bragg gratings (UWFBG), whose backward light intensity is 2-4 orders of magnitude higher than that of Rayleigh scattering, are used as the reflection markers. A medium-coherence laser can substitute conventional narrow bandwidth source to achieve an excellent performance of distributed vibration sensing since our unbalanced interferometer matches the interval of UWFBGs. The 3 m of spatial resolution of coherent detection and multiple simultaneous vibration sources locating can be realized based on OTDR. The enhanced signal to noise ratio (SNR) enables fast detection of distributed vibration without averaging. The fastest vibration of 25 kHz and the slowest vibration of 10 Hz can be detected with our system successfully, and the linearity is 0.9896 with a maximum deviation of 3.46 nƐ.
KeywordsHigh-speed Mach-Zehnder-OTDR ultra-weak fiber Bragg grating array medium-coherence laser optical fiber vibration sensing
This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61735031), Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province of China (Grant No. 2018CFA056), and the Excellent Dissertation Cultivation Funds of Wuhan University of Technology (Grant No. 2017-YS-057).
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