Advertisement

Brown eye spot in coffee subjected to different drip irrigation and fertilization management

  • Mauro Peraro Barbosa Junior
  • Edson Ampélio PozzaEmail author
  • Helon Santos Neto
  • Mirian de Lourdes Oliveira e Silva
  • Adélia Aziz Alexandre Pozza
  • Rubens José Guimarães
  • Paulo Estevão de Souza
Original Paper

Abstract

Brown eye spot is one of the main diseases of coffee trees. The aim of this study was to evaluate the severity of brown eye spot in coffee plantations subjected to different drip irrigation and fertilization management. The study was carried out in Lavras-MG, Brazil, in a plantation of the cultivar MGS Travessia. Disease assessments were performed monthly from March 2012 to June 2014. The experimental design was a randomized block design with 12 treatments. The irrigation treatments were the control without irrigation, irrigation all year, suspension of irrigation for 30 days in July, and for 70 days between July and September. Fertilization treatments were recommended rate of NK fertilizer, high rate of NK plus P and high rate of NK. severity of the disease integrated into area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC). There was a difference in AUDPC in the evaluated years, reflecting the biennial characteristic of the coffee crop. There was no significant interaction between irrigation and fertilization. However, when irrigation and fertilization treatments where analyzed separately, the suspension of irrigation for 70 days between July and September in 2012 favored brown eye spot and in the same year the high rates of NK increased productivity.

Keywords

Cercospora coffeicola Brown eye spot Irrigated coffee growing Phosphate fertilization Coffea arabica 

Notes

Acknowledgments

To National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), the Foundation for Research Support of the State of Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG), the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) and the National Institute of Science and Technology of Coffee (INCT-Café) for supporting the research.

References

  1. Allen RG, Pereira LS, Raes D, Smith M (1998) Crope evapotranspiration: Guidelines for computing crop water requeriments. In: FAO Irrigation and Drainage, vol 56. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  2. Boldini JM (2001) Epidemiologia da ferrugem e da cercosporiose em cafeeiro irrigado e fertirrigado. Dissertation, Federal University of LavrasGoogle Scholar
  3. Buchanan BB, Gruissem W, Jones RL (2015) Biochemistry and molecular biology of plants. J. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Camargo MBP (2010) The impact of climatic variability and climate change on arabic coffe crop in Brazil. Bragantia 69:239–247.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87052010000100030 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chalfoun SM, Carvalho VL, Pereira MC (2001) Efeito de alterações climáticas sobre o progresso da ferrugem (Hemileia vastatrix BERK. and BR.) do cafeeiro (Coffea arabica L.). Ciência e Agrotecnologia 25:1248–1252Google Scholar
  6. Coelho G, Silva AM, Rezende FC, Silva RA, Custódio AAP (2009) Efeito de épocas de irrigação e de parcelamentos de adubação sobre a produtividade do cafeeiro 'Catuaí'. Cienc Agrotec 33:67–73.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542009000100009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Custódio AAP, Pozza EA, Paiva AA, Souza PE, Lima LA, Lima LM (2011) Intensidade da ferrugem e da cercosporiose em cafeeiro quanto a face de exposição das plantas. Coffee Science 5:214–228Google Scholar
  8. Custódio AAP, Pozza EA, Custódio AAP, Souza PE, Lima LA, Silva AMD (2014) Effect of center pivot irrigation in the progression of rust and Brown eye spot of coffee. Plant Dis 98:943–947.  https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-07-13-0801-RE CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dantas AAA, Carvalho LG, Ferreira E (2007) Classificação e tendências climáticas em Lavras, MG. Ciência e Agrotecnologia 31:1862–1866.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542007000600039 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Doorembos J, Pruit WO (1984) Guidelines for predicting crop water requeriments. Irrigation and drainage, 24. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  11. Echandi E (1959) La chasparria de los cafetos causada por el hongo Cercospora coffeicola Berk and Cooke. Turrialba 9:54–67Google Scholar
  12. Ferreira DF (2008) SISVAR: um programa para análise e ensino de estatística. Revista Científica Symposium 6:36–41Google Scholar
  13. Garcia Junior D, Pozza EA, Pozza AAA, Souza PE, Carvalho JG, Balieiro AC (2003) Incidência e severidade da cercosporiose-do-cafeeiro em função do suprimento de potássio e cálcio em solução nutritiva. Fitopatol Bras 28:286–291.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-41582003000300010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Guerra AF, Rocha OC, Rodrigues GC, Sanzonowicz C, Ribeiro Filho GC, Toledo PMR, Ribeiro LF (2007) Sistema de produção de café irrigado: um novo enfoque. Irrigação and Tecnologia Moderna 73:52–61Google Scholar
  15. Guimarães PTG, Garcia AWR et al (1999) Cafeeiro. In: Ribeiro AC, Guimarães PTG, Venegas VHA (eds) Recomendações para o uso de corretivos e fertilizantes em Minas Gerais, 5th edn. CFSEMG, Viçosa, pp 289–303Google Scholar
  16. Lehninger AL, Nelson DL, Cox MM (2014) Princípios de Bioquímica, 6th edn. Sarvier, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  17. Lima LA, Custódio AAP, Gomes NM (2008) Produtividade e rendimento do cafeeiro nas cinco primeiras safras irrigado por pivô central em Lavras, MG. Cienc Agrotec 32:1832–1842.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542008000600023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lima LA, Pozza EA, Silva FS (2012) Relationship between incidence of Brown eye spot of coffee cherries and the chemical composition of coffee beans. J Phytopathol 160:209–211.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0434.2012.01879.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. López-duque S, Fernadez-borrero O (1969) Epidemiologia de la mancha de hierro del cafeeiro (Coffea arabica). Cenicafé 20:3–19Google Scholar
  20. Marschner H (2012) Mineral nutrition of higher plants, 3rd edn. Academic, San Diego, p 643Google Scholar
  21. Miranda JC, Souza PE, Pozza EA, Santos FS, Barreto SS, Silva MLOE, Faria MA (2006) Intensidade da ferrugem em cafeeiro fertirrigado. Ciência e Agrotecnologia 30:885–895CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Paiva BRTL, Souza PE, Scalco MS, Santos LA (2011) Progresso da ferrugem do cafeeiro irrigado em diferentes densidades de plantio pós-poda. Ciência e Agrotecnologia 35:137–143.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542011000100017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Paiva BRTL, Souza PE, Scalco MS, Monteiro FP (2013) Progresso da cercosporiose do cafeeiro sob diferentes manejos de irrigação e densidade de plantio. Coffe Science 8:166–175.  https://doi.org/10.25186/cs.v8i2.391 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pereira SP, Bartholo GF, Baliza DP, Sobreira FM, Guimarães RJ (2011) Crescimento, produtividade e bienalidade do cafeeiro em função do espaçamento de cultivo. Pesq Agrop Brasileira 46:152–160.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2011000200006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pozza EA, Pozza AAA (2012) Relação entre nutrição e as doenças de plantas: implicações práticas. In: Machado AKFM, Ogoshi C, Perina FJ, Silva GM, Neto HS, Costa LSAS, Alencar NE, Martins SJ, Terra WC, Zancan WLA (eds) Avanços na otimização do uso de defensivos agrícolas no manejo fitossanitário. Suprema Gráfica e Editora, São Carlos, pp 259–279Google Scholar
  26. Pozza AAA et al (2000) Intensidade da mancha-de-olho-pardo em mudas de cafeeiro em função de doses de N e de K em solução nutritiva. Summa Phytopathol 26:29–33Google Scholar
  27. Pozza AAA, Martinez HEP, Caixeta SL, Cardoso AA, Zambolim L, Pozza EA (2001) Influência da nutrição mineral na intensidade da mancha-de-olho-pardo em mudas de cafeeiro. Pesqui Agropecu Bras 36:53–60.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2001000100007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pozza EA, Carvalho LV, Chalfoun SM (2010) Sintomas e injúrias causadas por doenças em cafeeiro. In: Guimarães RJ, Mendes ANG, Baliza DP (eds) Semiologia do cafeeiro: sintomas de desordens nutricionais, fitossanitárias e fisiológicas. Editora UFLA, Lavras, pp 69–101Google Scholar
  29. Reis THP, Guimarães PTG, Neto AEF, Guerra AF, Curi N (2011) Soil phosphorus dynamics and availability and irrigated coffee yield. Rev Bras Cienc Solo 35:503–512.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832011000200019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Reis THP, Furtini Neto AE, Guimarães PTG, Guerra AF, Oliveira CHC (2013) Estado nutricional e frações foliares de P no cafeeiro em função da adubação fosfatada. Pesq Agrop Brasileira 48:763–775Google Scholar
  31. Scalco MS, Alvarenga LA, Guimarães RJ, Colombo A, Assis GA (2011) Cultivo irrigado e não irrigado do cafeeiro em plantio superadensado. Coffee Science 6:193–202Google Scholar
  32. Shaner G, Finney RE (1977) The effect of nitrogen fertilization on the expression of slow-mildew resistance in Knox wheat. Phythopatology 67:1051–1056CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Souza JM, Bonono R, Magieiro M, Bonono DZ (2014) Interrupção da irrigação e maturação dos frutos de café Conilon. Científica, Jaboticabal 42:170–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Taiz L, Zeiger E, Moller IM, Murphy A (2014) Plant Physiology and Development, 6th edn. Sinauer Associates, SunderlandGoogle Scholar
  35. Talamini V, Pozza EA, Souza PE, Silva AM (2003) Progresso da ferrugem e da cercosporiose em cafeeiro (Coffea arabica L.) com diferentes épocas de início e parcelamentos da fertirrigação. Cienc Agrotec 27:141–149.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542003000100017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Australasian Plant Pathology Society Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mauro Peraro Barbosa Junior
    • 1
  • Edson Ampélio Pozza
    • 1
    Email author
  • Helon Santos Neto
    • 1
  • Mirian de Lourdes Oliveira e Silva
    • 2
  • Adélia Aziz Alexandre Pozza
    • 2
  • Rubens José Guimarães
    • 3
  • Paulo Estevão de Souza
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyFederal University of Lavras (UFLA)LavrasBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Soil ScienceFederal University of Lavras (UFLA)LavrasBrazil
  3. 3.Department of AgricultureFederal University of Lavras (UFLA)LavrasBrazil

Personalised recommendations