, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 100–104 | Cite as

Directional Deep Brain Stimulation

  • Frank SteigerwaldEmail author
  • Cordula Matthies
  • Jens Volkmann


Over the last years, deep brain stimulation has seen many technological innovations. New electrode designs allowing to direct the current flow not only in the vertical but also in the horizontal plane are the most recent. We summarize the concept of “directional deep brain stimulation” with its opportunities and challenges and the available study data and discuss the use of imaging techniques to assist programming deep brain stimulation devices.

Key Words

Deep brain stimulation directional DBS VTA modeling 

Supplementary material

13311_2018_667_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.2 mb)
ESM 1 (PDF 1225 kb)


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Copyright information

© The American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity Hospital WürzburgWürzburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryUniversity Hospital WürzburgWürzburgGermany

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