Prostaglandin A1 Inhibits the Cognitive Decline of APP/PS1 Transgenic Mice via PPARγ/ABCA1-dependent Cholesterol Efflux Mechanisms

  • Guo-Biao Xu
  • Liu-Qing Yang
  • Pei-Pei Guan
  • Zhan-You WangEmail author
  • Pu WangEmail author
Original Article


Prostaglandins (PGs) are early and key contributors to chronic neurodegenerative diseases. As one important member of classical PGs, PGA1 has been reported to exert potential neuroprotective effects. However, the mechanisms remain unknown. To this end, we are prompted to investigate whether PGA1 is a useful neurological treatment for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) or not. Using high-throughput sequencing, we found that PGA1 potentially regulates cholesterol metabolism and lipid transport. Interestingly, we further found that short-term administration of PGA1 decreased the levels of the monomeric and oligomeric β-amyloid protein (oAβ) in a cholesterol-dependent manner. In detail, PGA1 activated the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) and ATP-binding cassette subfamily A member 1 (ABCA1) signalling pathways, promoting the efflux of cholesterol and decreasing the intracellular cholesterol levels. Through PPARγ/ABCA1/cholesterol-dependent pathway, PGA1 decreased the expression of presenilin enhancer protein 2 (PEN-2), which is responsible for the production of Aβ. More importantly, long-term administration of PGA1 remarkably decreased the formation of Aβ monomers, oligomers, and fibrils. The actions of PGA1 on the production and deposition of Aβ ultimately improved the cognitive decline of the amyloid precursor protein/presenilin1 (APP/PS1) transgenic mice.

Key Words

Prostaglandin A1 Alzheimer’s disease cholesterol ATP-binding cassette subfamily A member 1 presenilin enhancer protein 2 



This work was supported in part or in whole by the Natural Science Foundation of China (81870840, 31571064, 81771167, and 81500934) and the Fundamental Research Foundation of Northeastern University, China (N172008008 and N172004005).

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Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no competing financial interests.

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© The American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Life and Health SciencesNortheastern UniversityShenyangPeople’s Republic of China

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