, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 36–51 | Cite as

Tractography for Surgical Neuro-Oncology Planning: Towards a Gold Standard

  • Sandip S. Panesar
  • Kumar Abhinav
  • Fang-Cheng Yeh
  • Timothée Jacquesson
  • Malie Collins
  • Juan Fernandez-MirandaEmail author


Magnetic resonance imaging tractography permits in vivo visualization of white matter structures. Aside from its academic value, tractography has been proven particularly useful to neurosurgeons for preoperative planning. Preoperative tractography permits both qualitative and quantitative analyses of tumor effects upon surrounding white matter, allowing the surgeon to specifically tailor their operative approach. Despite its benefits, there is controversy pertaining to methodology, implementation, and interpretation of results in this context. High-definition fiber tractography (HDFT) is one of several non-tensor tractography approaches permitting visualization of crossing white matter trajectories at high resolutions, dispensing with the well-known shortcomings of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography. In this article, we provide an overview of the advantages of HDFT in a neurosurgical context, derived from our considerable experience implementing the technique for academic and clinical purposes. We highlight nuances of qualitative and quantitative approaches to using HDFT for brain tumor surgery planning, and integration of tractography with complementary operative adjuncts, and consider areas requiring further research.

Key Words

Tractography neurosurgical planning neuro-oncology white matter anatomy brain tumors 



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Copyright information

© The American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandip S. Panesar
    • 1
  • Kumar Abhinav
    • 1
  • Fang-Cheng Yeh
    • 2
    • 3
  • Timothée Jacquesson
    • 4
  • Malie Collins
    • 1
  • Juan Fernandez-Miranda
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryStanford UniversityPalo AltoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Neurological SurgeryUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  3. 3.Department of BioengineeringUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  4. 4.CHU de Lyon – Hôpital Neurologique et Neurochirurgical Pierre WertheimerLyonFrance

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