, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 9–25 | Cite as

The Role of the Peripheral Nerve Surgeon in the Treatment of Pain

  • Louis H. PopplerEmail author
  • Susan E. Mackinnon


Pain is a frequent cause of physician visits. Many physicians find these patients challenging because they often have complicated histories, emotional comorbidities, confusing examinations, difficult problems to fix, and the possibility of factitious complaints for attention or narcotic pain medications. As a result, many patients are lumped into the category of chronic, centralized pain and relegated to pain management. However, recent literature suggests that surgical management of carefully diagnosed generators of pain can greatly reduce patients’ pain and narcotic requirements. This article reviews recent literature on surgical management of pain and four specific sources of chronic pain amenable to surgical treatment: painful neuroma, nerve compression, myofascial/musculoskeletal pain, and complex regional pain syndrome type II.


Neuralgia Chronic pain Hyperalgesia Neuroma Nerve compression Complex regional pain syndromes Causalgia Reflex sympathetic dystrophy Myofascial pain syndromes Peripheral nerve injury Surgery Plastic surgery Neurosurgery Orthopedic surgery 


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Copyright information

© The American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryMayo ClinicRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Division of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryWashington University in St. LouisSt. LouisUSA

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