Use of 3D models for planning, simulation, and training in vascular surgery
- 34 Downloads
We read with great interest the article by Pugliese et al. entitled “The clinical use of 3D printing in surgery” recently published by Updates in Surgery .
In the past years, 3D printing has seen an almost exponential growth in several fields, including medicine and surgery, as testified by the increasing number of published articles. This success was fostered by technological progresses on manufacturing processes allowing to build layer by layer 3D objects at higher resolution.
In surgery, knowledge of patient anatomy has traditionally been based on analysis of 2D radiological images. The advent of computer-assisted surgery has improved the understanding of patients’ anatomy in the preoperative phase, including complex cases, enabling reconstruction of virtual 3D models starting from radiological datasets, which can be viewed on computer screens. 3D printing pushes further comprehension of anatomy allowing surgeons to touch and feel a physical model, complementing...
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Research involving human participants and/or animals
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
For this type of study formal consent is not required.