Alternative uses of virtual simulators for laparoscopy and robot‐assisted surgery for medical students

  • Gregorio Di FrancoEmail author
  • Desirée Gianardi
  • Raffaella Berchiolli
Letter to the Editor

To the Editor:

We read with great interest the article by Moglia et al. entitled “Proficiency-based training of medical students using virtual simulators for laparoscopy and robot‐assisted surgery: results of a pilot study” [1].

Today with the wide diffusion of the minimally invasive surgery, the skills required by surgeons have changed in comparison to those of traditional open surgery. Several randomized controlled trials had shown the usefulness of virtual reality (VR) simulators for training, making possible a gradual acquisition of the visuospatial and hand–eye coordination to overcome the limitations of the laparoscopy. Moreover, with the introduction of the da Vinci Surgical System, surgeons have to deal also with the absence of tactile feed-back and to master the technical aspects and the correct use of control interfaces, camera, clutching, and the fourth arm. Today the improvements in computer processing have led to more realistic VR simulators for laparoscopic and robotic...


Simulation Surgical training Robot-assisted surgery 



No funding was received.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they don’t have any conflict of interest.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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  1. 1.
    Moglia A, Sinceri S, Ferrari V, Ferrari M, Mosca F, Morelli L (2018) Proficiency-based training of medical students using virtual simulators for laparoscopy and robot-assisted surgery: results of a pilot study. Updates Surg 70:401–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Surgery (SIC) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.General Surgery Unit, Department of Oncology, Transplantation and New TechnologiesUniversity of PisaPisaItaly
  2. 2.Vascular Surgery Unit, Department of Cardio Vascular SurgeryUniversity of PisaPisaItaly

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