Previous studies reported that enhanced recovery pathway (ERP) is safe in elderly who did not require a specifically tailored protocol. In previous studies, elderly have been considered as a homogeneous cohort and the cut-off value to identify them was different. The aim of the present study is to assess the compliance to ERP and its impact on postoperative outcome in three subgroups of elderly patients with increasing ages. Prospectively collected data entered in an electronic Italian registry specifically designed for ERP were reviewed. 315 elderly patients undergoing elective colorectal resection were divided into three groups. Group 1: 71–75 years (n = 105), Group 2: 76–80 years (n = 117), Group 3: over 80 years (n = 93). Primary endpoints of the study were adherence to ERP and time to readiness for discharge (TRD). Compliance to ERP was similar in the three groups. No difference among groups was found for mortality, overall morbidity, major complications, reoperation rate and readmission rate. Median TRD and length of hospital stay (LOS) were progressively longer with increasing age (p = 0.018 and p = 0.078, respectively). Increasing age did not impact on adherence to ERP and postoperative morbidity, but delayed both TRD and LOS.
Enhanced recovery after surgery Colorectal surgery Elderly Postoperative morbidity Length of stay
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Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Research involving human participants and/or animals
This research involves only human participants. This retrospective study is in accordance with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.
All patients signed an informed consent form before surgery.
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