International Journal of Steel Structures

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 14–27 | Cite as

Thermo-Mechanical Analysis of CO2 Laser Butt Welding on AISI 304 Steel Thin Plates

  • Rakesh Bhadra
  • Pardeep Pankaj
  • Pankaj BiswasEmail author
  • U. S. Dixit


In this present study both numerical and experimental investigations of CO2 laser butt welding on thin AISI 304 Steel sheet were carried out. A 3D numerical model was established using Finite Element Method for determining the weld induced transient thermal history, residual stresses and residual deformation. The finite element software package ANSYS-14.5 was used to develop this present model. In this model temperature dependent thermo-mechanical properties of AISI 304 steel were considered. The element birth and death technique was used to simulate the welding joint. The weld bead geometry was also incorporated in this present study. Appropriate APDL macros were developed to simulate the situation of a moving volumetric heat source and transient elasto-plastic thermos-mechanical analysis. The numerical results were validated by experimentally obtained results. The FE model compared well with those of the experimental results.


Laser welding Heat generation Bead geometry Transient thermal analysis Non-linear elasto-plastic analysis Residual stresses and distortion 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the experimental support provided by FIST, DST, and Govt. of India to carry the experiments.


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Copyright information

© Korean Society of Steel Construction 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rakesh Bhadra
    • 1
  • Pardeep Pankaj
    • 2
  • Pankaj Biswas
    • 2
    Email author
  • U. S. Dixit
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringTezpur UniversitySonitpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIIT GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia

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