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Linking the scientific knowledge on marine frontal systems with ecosystem services

  • Paulina MartinettoEmail author
  • Daniela Alemany
  • Florencia Botto
  • Matías Mastrángelo
  • Valeria Falabella
  • E. Marcelo Acha
  • Gustavo Antón
  • Alejandro Bianchi
  • Claudio Campagna
  • Guillermo Cañete
  • Pablo Filippo
  • Oscar Iribarne
  • Pedro Laterra
  • Patricia Martínez
  • Rubén Negri
  • Alberto R. Piola
  • Silvia I. Romero
  • David Santos
  • Martín Saraceno
Perspective
  • 55 Downloads

Abstract

Primary production hotspots in the marine environment occur where the combination of light, turbulence, temperature and nutrients makes the proliferation of phytoplankton possible. Satellite-derived surface chlorophyll-a distributions indicate that these conditions are frequently associated with sharp water mass transitions named “marine fronts”. Given the link between primary production, consumers and ecosystem functions, marine fronts could play a key role in the production of ecosystem services (ES). Using the shelf break front in the Argentine Sea as a study case, we show that the high primary production found in the front is the main ecological feature that supports the production of tangible (fisheries) and intangible (recreation, regulation of atmospheric gases) marine ES and the reason why the provision of ES in the Argentine Sea concentrates there. This information provides support to satellite chlorophyll as a good indicator of multiple marine ES. We suggest that marine fronts could be considered as marine ES hot spots.

Keywords

Argentine Sea Ecosystem services Marine fronts Satellite chlorophyll South Western Atlantic 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The first draft of this article was originated during a workshop under the framework of the project: “The relative ecosystem services of frontal areas in the South West Atlantic Large Marine Ecosystem” (IAI-CONICET 3347/14). We thank to the Inter American Institute for Global Change Research through the National Science Foundation (EEUU, Grant GEO-1128040) and its support to the project CRN3070 “VOCES”.

Supplementary material

13280_2019_1222_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (261 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 262 kb)

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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (IIMyC), FCEyNUNMdP-CONICETMar del PlataArgentina
  2. 2.Grupo de Estudio de Agroecosistemas y Paisajes Rurales (GEAP)Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias of the Universidad Nacional de Mar del PlataBalcarceArgentina
  3. 3.Wildlife Conservation SocietyBuenos AiresArgentina
  4. 4.Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Pesquero (INIDEP)Mar del PlataArgentina
  5. 5.Facultad de Ciencias SocialesUniversidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  6. 6.Departamento de OceanografíaServicio de HidrografíaBuenos AiresArgentina
  7. 7.WCS ArgentinaBuenos AiresArgentina
  8. 8.Fundacion Vida Silvestre ArgentinaMar del PlataArgentina
  9. 9.Foro para la Conservación del Mar PatagónicoBuenos AiresArgentina
  10. 10.Fundación Bariloche-CONICETSan Carlos de BarilocheArgentina
  11. 11.Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Pesquero (INIDEP)Mar del PlataArgentina
  12. 12.Departamento OceanografíaServicio de Hidrografía NavalBuenos AiresArgentina
  13. 13.Servicio de Hidrografía NavalBuenos AiresArgentina
  14. 14.Departamento de Turismo, Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias SocialesUNPSJBPuerto MadrynArgentina
  15. 15.Departamento de Ciencias de la Atmósfera y los Océanos, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y NaturalesUniversidad de Buenos Aires, Intendente GüiraldesBuenos AiresArgentina
  16. 16.Centro de Investigaciones del Mar y la Atmosfera (CIMA/CONICET-UBA)Buenos AiresArgentina
  17. 17.Instituto Franco-Argentino para el Estudio del Clima y sus Impactos (UMI IFAECI/CNRS-CONICET-UBA)Buenos AiresArgentina

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