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Chronic prescribed burning alters nutrient deposition and sediment stoichiometry in a lake ecosystem

  • Matthew N. WatersEmail author
  • Alexander P. Metz
  • Joseph M. Smoak
  • Hunter Turner
Research Article

Abstract

Prescribed fire is a common management practice for forests and other terrestrial environments. Following a prescribed burn, ash erodes into aquatic environments potentially altering terrestrial–aquatic connectivity and water quality. In this study, we collected a sediment core from Ocean Pond, FL, USA, a lake that has received fire ash from decades of prescribed burning events. Paleolimnological measurements of macrocharcoal, nutrients, stable isotopes (δ13C, δ15N), and photosynthetic pigments were used to reconstruct fire regimes, material inputs, and lake primary producer responses for periods of prescribed burns and other lake periods throughout the last 6000 years. Results show that the period of repeated modern-prescribed fires coincided with decreased C and N depositions in the lake, while P deposition increased causing alterations to nutrient storage and stoichiometry. However, photosynthetic pigments indicated low primary producer abundance during the prescribed fire period. These changes in nutrient dynamics could provide new insights into biogeochemical pathways in land–water connected systems where burning has not been considered.

Keywords

Carbon Nutrients Paleolimnology Prescribed fire Sediments Stoichiometry 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding for this research was provided by Valdosta State University through a Faculty Research Seed Grant and by Auburn University with funds provided to MNW. Ted West, James Ragan, Sean Earley, and Ben Webster aided in fieldwork and lab analysis. Christopher Lydick supplied important information of prescribed fire in the Osceola National Forest. Ben Webster constructed Fig. 1. We are very grateful to two anonymous reviewers whose comments greatly improved the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew N. Waters
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alexander P. Metz
    • 1
  • Joseph M. Smoak
    • 2
  • Hunter Turner
    • 3
  1. 1.Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences DepartmentAuburn UniversityAuburnUSA
  2. 2.Environmental Science University of South FloridaSt. PetersburgUSA
  3. 3.Biology DepartmentValdosta State UniversityValdostaUSA

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