Advertisement

Evaluation of the effectiveness of green practices in manufacturing sector using CHAID analysis

  • Sadia Samar Ali
  • Rajbir Kaur
  • Filiz Ersöz
  • Laura Lotero
  • Gerhard-Wilhelm Weber
Research
  • 54 Downloads

Abstract

Productivity, profitability and sustainability have become the essence of business survival; thus, modern industrial establishments are turning into frameworks consistent with environmental objectives by adopting cleaner technologies, green practices have ultimately resulting in generation of fewer pollutants. Urbanization and burgeoning technological advancement in different sector within India have brought the concept of green supply chain management, to highlight the importance of responsible consumption and production to maintain environmental quality, reduce wastage and bring out economic growth. This paper aims to segregate the sustainable and competitive performers from the average ones in the Indian manufacturing sector and to understand the degree of the impact of green practices of supply chain management based on their contribution towards sustainable environment. Using survey method, data are collected from 54 manufacturing organizations from Pune Nashik area, and a comprehensive framework of sustainability measurement is developed through successive applications of Chi-square Automatic Interaction Detector analysis, CHAID analysis. This paper is unique as it has applied the concept of CHAID analysis for first time to identify green logistics as main driver to achieve a reduction of ecological damage and improve business performance.

Keywords

Indian manufacturing sector Green procurement Green logistics Green process and product design Regulatory framework Business performance Environmental performance CHAID analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to express gratitude to our experts from corporate and academia that helped us in constructing and improving the research survey manuscript with their constructive feedback and providing insight and expertise that greatly assisted the research. We also thank our members of data collection team who supported our efforts with their keen involvement and enthusiasm and also all the respondents for their participation in the survey. We would like to extend our heartiest obligations to Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia for providing support for this project under grant no KEP-10-135-39. We are immensely thankful to Editor of “Journal of Remanufacturing”, Springer’s Publications, Germany and the anonymous reviewers for rigorous criticism in improving the quality of our study with their valuable recommendations.

Supplementary material

13243_2018_53_MOESM1_ESM.docx (214 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 213 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Hollos D, Blome C, Foerstl K (2012) Does sustainable supplier cooperation affect performance? Examining implications for the triple bottom line. Int J Prod Res 50(11):2968–2986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Reuter C, Foerstl K, Hartmann E, Blome C (2010) Sustainable global supplier management: the role of dynamic capabilities in achieving competitive advantage. J Supply Chain Manag 46(2):45–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Goyal P, Kumar D (2017) Modeling the CSR barriers in manufacturing industries. BIJ 24(7):1871–1890Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Govindan K, Kaliyan M, Kannan D, Haq AN (2014) Barriers analysis for green supply chain management implementation in Indian industries using analytic hierarchy process. Int J Prod Econ 147:555–568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Knight P, Jenkins JO (2008) Adopting and applying eco-design techniques: a practitioner’s perspective. J Clean Prod 17:549–558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rio M, Reyes T, Roucoules L (2013) Toward proactive (eco) design process: modeling information transformations among designer’s activities. J Clean Prod 39:105–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Davies J, Hochman S (2007) The greening of the supply chain. Supply Chain Manag Rev 11(5):13–14Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Friedman P (2008) Achieving a green supply chain through lean manufacturing. Supply Chain Management Review, April 10, available at: www.scmr.com/article/330242-Achieving_a_Green_Supply_Chain_through_Lean_Manufacturing.php (accessed October 30, 2009)
  9. 9.
    Jabbour ABL d S, Jabbour CJC, Govindan K, Devika K, Salgadoa MH, Zanona CJ (2013) Factors affecting the adoption of green supply chain management practices in Brazil: empirical evidence. Int J Environ Stud 70(2):302–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rao P (2002) Greening the supply chain: a new initiative in South East Asia. Int J Oper Prod Manag 22(6):632–655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hsu CW, Hu AH (2008) Green supply chain management in the electronic industry. Int J Sci Technol 5(2):205–216Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sarkis J, Zhu Q, Lai K-H (2011) An organizational theoretic review of green supply chain management literature. Int J Prod Econ 130(1):1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Srivastava SK (2007) Green supply-chain management: a state-of-the-art literature review. Int J Manag Rev 9(1):53–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Borade AB, Bansod SV (2007) Domain of supply chain management –a state of art. J Technol Manag Innov 2(4):109–121Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Drumright ME (1994) Socially responsible organizational buying: environmental concern as a non-economic buying criterion. J Mark 58(3):1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wu H-J, Dunn SC (1995) Environmentally responsible logistics system. Int J Phys Distrib Logist Manag 25(2):20–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Min H, Galle WP (2001) Green purchasing practices of US firms. Int J Oper Prod Manag 21(9):1222–1238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sarkis J (1999) How green is the supply chain? Practice and research. Graduate School of Management, Clark University, WorcesterGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Liu X, Yang J, Qu S, Wang L, Shishime T, Bao C (2012) Sustainable production: practices and determinant factors of green supply chain Management of Chinese Companies. Bus Strateg Environ 21(1):1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zhu Q, Sarkis J, Lai KH (2008a) Green supply chain management implications for closing the loop. Transport Res E-Log 44(1):1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zhu Q, Sarkis J, Lai K (2008b) Confirmation of a measurement model for green supply chain management practices implementation. Int J Prod Econ 111(2):261–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Gilbert S (2000) Greening supply chain: enhancing competitiveness through green productivity. Asian Productivity Organization, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kogg B (2003) Greening a cotton-textile supply chain: a case study of the transition toward organic production without a powerful focal company. Greener Management International 43:53–64Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zsidisin GA, Siferd SP (2001) Environmental purchasing: a framework for theory development. European Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management 7(1):61–73.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0969-7012(00)00007-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Chakraborty S (2010) Concise chronological road map of evolving green supply chain management concepts: a review. The IUP Journal of Supply Chain Management 7(4): 1–12Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Porter ME, Kramer MR (2006) Strategy and society: the link between competitive advantage and corporate social responsibility. Harv Bus Rev 84(12):78–92, 163Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    White et al (2003) Product recovery with some byte: an overview of management challenges and environmental consequences in reverse manufacturing for the computer industry. J Clean Prod 11(2003):445–458CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Paulraj A (2009) Environmental motivations: a classification scheme and its impact on environmental strategies and practices. Bus Strateg Environ 18(7):453–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Diabat A, Govindan K (2011) An analysis of the drivers affecting the implementation of green supply chain management. Resour Conserv Recycl 55(6):659–667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Mudgal RK, Shankar R, Talib P, Raj T (2009) Greening the supply chain practices: an Indian perspective of enablers’ relationships. International Journal of Advanced Operations Management 1(2–3):151–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Mudgal RK, Shankar R, Talib P, Raj T (2010) Modeling the barriers of green supply chain practices: an Indian perspective. Int Journal of Logistics Systems and Management 7(1):81–107. Electronic copy available at: http://inderscience.metapress.com/link.asp?id=8343t48231372825 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Bhateja AK, Babbar R, Singh S, Sachdeva A (2011) Study of green supply chain management in the Indian manufacturing industries: a literature review cum an analytical approach for the measurement of performance. Int J Comput Eng Manag 13:83–99Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Sarkis J (2006) Greening the supply chain (book review). Springer, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Santolaria M, Oliver-Solà J, Gasol C, Morales-Pinzón T, Rieradevall J (2011) Eco-design in innovation driven companies: perception, predictions and the main drivers of integration. The Spanish example. J Clean Prod 19:1315–1323.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2011.03.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Jansen A, Stevels A (2006) Combining eco-design and user benefits from human-powered energy systems, a win–win situation. J Clean Prod 14:1299–1306.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2005.11.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Taghdisian H, Pishvaie M, Farhadi F (2014) Multi-objective optimization approach for green design of methanol plant based on CO2-efficeincy indicator. J Clean Prod 103.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.05.032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Khor KS, Udin ZM (2013) Reverse logistics in Malaysia: investigating the effect of green product design and resource commitment. Resour Conserv Recycl 81:71–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Bhardwaj BR (2016) Role of green policy on sustainable supply chain management: a model for implementing corporate social responsibility (CSR). BIJ 23(2):456–468Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Green K, Morton B, New S (1996) Purchasing and environmental management: interactions, policies and opportunities. Bus Strateg Environ 5:188–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Handfield R, Walton SV, Sroufe R, Melnyk SA (2002a) Applying environmental criteria to supplier assessment: a study in the application of the analytical hierarchy process. Eur J Oper Res 141(16):70–87zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Handfield R, Steven VW, Sroufe R, Melnyk SA (2002b) Applying environmental criteria to supplier assessment: a study in the application of the analytical hierarchy process. Eur J Oper Res 141(1):70–87zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Narasimhan R, Carter JR (1998) Environmental supply chain management. The Center for Advanced Purchasing Studies. Arizona State University, Tempe, AZGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Yuang A, Kielkiewicz-Yuang A (2001) Sustainable supply network management. Corp Environ Manage 8(3):260–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Van Hoek RI (2000) From reversed logistics to green supply chains. Logistic Solution 2:28–33Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Rao P, Holt D (2005) Do green supply chains lead to competitiveness and economic performance. Int J Oper Prod Manag 25(9):898–916CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Deshmukh SP, Sunnapwar VK (2013) Validation of performance measures for green supplier selection in Indian industries. International Journal of Modeling and Engineering Resources 3:1617–1622Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Rao P (2007) Greening of the supply chain: an empirical study for SMES in the Philippine context. J Asia Bus Stud 1(2):55–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Gardas BB, Narkhede BE (2013) Exploring the green supply chain management: a technical review. Int J Innov Eng Res Manag 2(5):441–450Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Lewis H, Gertsakis J, Grant T, Morelli N, Sweatman A (2001) Design and environment – a global guide to designing greener goods. Greenleaf, SheffieldGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Zhu Q, Sarkis J, Geng Y (2005) Green supply chain management in China: pressures, practices and performance. Int J Oper Prod Manag 25(5):449–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Diwekar U (2005) Green process design, industrial ecology, and sustainability: a systems analysis perspective. Resour Conserv Recycl 44:215–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Hart SL (1995) A natural-resource-based view of the firm. Acad Manag Rev 20(4):986–1014MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Kung F-H, Huang C-L, Cheng C-L (2012) Assessing the green value chain to improve environmental performance: evidence from Taiwan's manufacturing industry. International Journal of Development Issues 11(2):111–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Ying J, Li-jun Z (2012) Study on green supply chain management based on circular economy. Phys Procedia 25:1682–1688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Carter J, Narasimhan R (2000) Sourcing’s role in environmental supply chain management. Supply Chain Management Review 3(4):78–88Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Green KW, Zelbst PJ, Meacham J, Bhadauria VS (2012) Green supply chain management practices: impact on performance. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal 17(3):290–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Zhu Q, Sarkis J (2004) Relationships between operational practices and performance among early adopters of green supply chain management practices in Chinese manufacturing enterprises. J Oper Manag 22:265–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Zhu Q, Sarkis J, Lai KH (2012) Examining the effects of green supply chain management practices and their mediations on performance improvements. Int J Prod Res 50(5):1377–1394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Shi VG, Koh SCL, Baldwin J, Cucchiella F (2012) Natural resource based green supply chain management 12(1):54–67Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Wong CWY, Lai K-H, Shang K-C, Lu C-S, Leung TKP (2012) Green operations and the moderating role of environmental management capability of suppliers on manufacturing firm performance. Int J Prod Econ 140:283–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Donnelly K, Beckett-Furnell Z, Traeger S, Okrasinski T, Holman S (2006) Eco-design implemented through a product-based environmental management system. J Clean Prod 14:1357–1367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Giovanni PD (2012) Do internal and external environmental management contribute to the triple bottom line? Int J Oper Prod Manag 32(3):265–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Narasimhan R, Schoenherr T (2012) The effects of integrated supply management practices and environmental management practices on relative competitive quality advantage. Int J Prod Res 50(4):1185–1201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Gaspari L, Colucci L, Butzer S et al (2017) Modularization in material flow simulation for managing production releases in remanufacturing. J Remanuf, December 2017 7(2–3):139–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Klassen RD, McLaughlin CP (1996) The impact of environmental management on firm performance. Manag Sci 42(8):1199–1215zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Halme M, Laurila J (2009) Philanthropy, integration or innovation? Exploring the financial and societal outcomes of different types of corporate responsibility. J Bus Ethics 84(3):325–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Handfield R, Sroufe R, Walton S (2005) Integrating environmental management and supply chain strategies. Bus Strateg Environ 14(1):1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Grubbström RW, Tang O (2006) Optimal production opportunities in a remanufacturing system. Int J Prod Res 44:3953–3966zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Ferrer G, Heath SK, Dew N (2011) An RFID application in large job shop remanufacturing operations. Int J Prod Econ 133:612–621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Lu LY, Wu CH, Kuo TC (2007) Environmental principles applicable to green supplier evaluation by using multi-objective decision analysis. Int J Prod Res 45(18–19):4317–4331zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Mishra R (2012) Information technology as a facilitator for green initiatives- a sectorial analysis. IJCSEITR 2(4):105–113Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Green K, Morton B, New S (1998) Green purchasing and supply policies: do they improve companies’ environmental performance? Supply Chain Manag 3(2):89–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Krause DR, Vachon S, Klassen RD (2009) Special topic forum on sustainable supply chain management: introductions and reflections on the role of purchasing management. J Supply Chain Manag 45(4):18–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Zailani S, Jeyaraman K, Vengadasan G, Premkumar R (2012) Sustainable supply chain management (SSCM) in Malaysia: a survey. Int J Prod Econ 140:330–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Mitra S (2007) Revenue Management for Remanufactured Products. Omega 35:553–562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Holt D, Ghobadian A (2009) An empirical study of green supply chain management practices amongst UK manufacturers. J Manuf Technol Manag 20(7):933–966CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Kumar S, Chattopadhyaya S, Sharma V (2012) Green supply chain management: a case study from Indian electrical and electronics industry. Int J Soft Comput Eng 1(6):275–281Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Matsumoto M, Umeda Y (2011) An analysis of remanufacturing practices in Japan. J Remanuf 1:2.  https://doi.org/10.1186/2210-4690-1-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Saman RN, Amin H (2017) Characteristics of cellphones reverse logistics in Canada. J Remanuf, December 2017 7(2–3):181–198Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Eltayeb TK, Zailani S, Ramayah T (2011) Green supply chain initiatives among certified companies in Malaysia and environmental sustainability: investigating the outcomes. Resour Conserv Recycl 55:495–506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Walker H, Di Sisto L, McBain D (2008) Drivers and barriers to environmental supply chain management practices, lessons from the public and private sector. J Purch Supply Manag 14(2008):69–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Vachon S, Klassen RD (2006) Extending green practices across the supply chain - the impact of upstream and downstream integration. International Journal of Operations and Production Management 26(7):795–821CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Acquaye A, Genovese A, Barrett J, Lenny Koh SC (2014) Benchmarking carbon emissions performance in supply chains. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal 19(3):306–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Elhedhli S, Merrick R (2012) Green supply chain network design to reduce carbon emissions. Transp Res Part D: Transp Environ 17(5):370–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Čuček La, Klemeš JJa, Kravanja Z (2012) A review of footprint analysis tools for monitoring impacts on sustainability. J Clean Prod 34:9–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Sarkis J (2003) A strategic framework for green supply chain management. J Clean Prod 11(4):397–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Lee AHI, Kang H-Y, Hsu C-F, Hung H-C (2009) A green supplier selection model for high-tech industry. Expert Syst Appl 36(4):7917–7927CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Awasthi A, Chauhan SS, Goyal SK (2010) A fuzzy multicriteria approach for evaluating environmental performance of suppliers. Int J Prod Econ 126(2):370–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Winter S, Lasch R (2016) Environmental and social criteria in supplier evaluation e lessons from the fashion and apparel industry. J Clean Prod 139:175–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Büyüközkan G, Çifçi G (2012) A novel hybrid MCDM approach based on fuzzy DEMATEL, fuzzy ANP and fuzzy TOPSIS to evaluate green suppliers. Expert Syst Appl 39(3):3000–3011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Govindan k, Khodaverdi R, Jafarian A (2013) A fuzzy multi criteria approach for measuring sustainability performance of a supplier based on triple bottom line approach. J Clean Prod 47, May 2013:345–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Mathiyazhagan K, Govindan K, NoorulHaq A, Geng Y (2013) An ISM approach for the barrier analysis in implementing green supply chain management. J Clean Prod 47:283–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Kass GV (1980) An exploratory technique for investigating large quantities of categorical data. Appl Stati 29(2):119–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Biggs D, De Ville B, Suen E (1991) A method of choosing multiway partitions for classification and decision trees. J Appl Stat 18.  https://doi.org/10.1080/02664769100000005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Chen JS (2003) Market segmentation by tourists’ sentiments. Ann Tour Res 30(1):178–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Díaz-Pérez FM, Bethencourt-Cejas M (2016) CHAID algorithm as an appropriate analytical method for tourism market segmentation. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management 5(3):275-282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Legohérel P, Hsu CHC, Daucé B (2015) Variety-seeking: using the CHAID segmentation approach in analyzing the international traveler market. Tour Manag 46:359–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Haughton D, Qulabi S (1997) Direct marketing modeling with CART and CHAID. J Int Mark 11(4):42–53Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    Levin N, Zahav J (2001) Predictive modelling using segmentation. J Int Mark 20(2):3–22Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Magidson J (1994) The CHAID approach to segmentation modeling: Chi-square automatic interaction detection. In: Bazzogi R (ed) Advanced method of marketing research. Blackwell, Cambridge, pp 118–159Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    Riquier C, Luxton S, Sharp B (1997) Probabilistic segmentation modelling. J Market Res Soc 39(4):571–588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Braun H, Chandler JS (1987) Predicting stock market behavior through rule induction: an application of the learning-from-example. Decis Sci 18(3):415–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Bryant SM (1996) A case-based reasoning approach to bankruptcy prediction modeling. LSU Historical Dissertations and Theses. 6321. http://digitalcommons.Isu.edu/gradschool_disstheses/6321
  104. 104.
    Lee KC, Chung N, Shin K (2002) An artificial intelligence-based data mining approach to extracting strategies for reducing the churning rate in credit card industry. J Intell Inf Syst 8:15–35Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    Johnson KB, J C (2002) Clictate: a computer-based documentation tool for guideline-based care. J Med Syst 26(1):47–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Lek M, Benjamin A, Cerpa N, Jamieson R (2002). Data mining prototype for detecting E-Commerce fraud. The Ninth European Conference on Information System. 9(1)Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    Zhu Q, Sarkis J (2007) The moderating effects of institutional pressures on emergent green supply chain practices and performance. Int J Prod Res 45(18–19):4333–4355zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Saraph JV, Benson PG, Schroeder R (1989) An instrument for measuring the critical factors of quality management. Decis Sci 20:810–829CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Klassen RD, Vachon S (2009) Collaboration and evaluation in the supply chain: the impact on plant-level environmental investment. Prod Oper Manag 12(3):336–352.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1937-5956.2003.tb00207.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Klassen R, Whybark C (1999) The impact of environmental technologies on manufacturing performance. Acad Manag J 42(6):599–615Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering: Girls CampusKing Abdul-Aziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.PanchkulaIndia
  3. 3.Karabuk UniversitesiKarabukTurkey
  4. 4.Universidad Pontificia BolivarianaMedilineColombia
  5. 5.Faculty of Engineering ManagementPoznan University of TechnologyPoznanPoland

Personalised recommendations