Eco-Friendly Nanocellulose Embedded Polymer Composite Foam for Flame Retardancy Improvement

  • Hansu Kim
  • Juhyuk Park
  • Kyung Suh Minn
  • Jae Ryoun YounEmail author
  • Young Seok SongEmail author


Delaying flame propagation in the event of a fire can increase the likelihood of preserving life and alleviating property damage. Here, a strategy for flame retardant polymer composite foam is proposed, which enables the improved performance, good formability, and reduced environmental burden while burning. The strategy is to incorporate sylilated nanocellulose into a polyurethane matrix containing a conventional flame retardant, Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP). This strategy leads to the generation of char layer faster during combustion, resulting in a delayed flame propagation. The limiting oxygen index (LOI) of the samples increased by 28%, and the production rate of toxic gas emission was considerably reduced. The chemical, thermal, mechanical, and morphological analyses were carried out to understand the underlying physics.


polyurethane foam nanocellulose composite flame retardancy silylated cellulose 


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Copyright information

© The Polymer Society of Korea and Springer 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute of Advanced Materials (RIAM), Department of Materials Science and EngineeringSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of Fiber System EngineeringDankook UniversityGyeonggiKorea

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