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Macromolecular Research

, Volume 27, Issue 7, pp 686–692 | Cite as

Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer Polymerization of 2-Chloroethyl Methacrylate and Post-Polymerization Modification

  • Anchao FengEmail author
  • Houliang Tang
  • Yi LuanEmail author
Article
  • 13 Downloads

Abstract

An alkyl halide containing monomer, 2-chloroethyl methacrylate (CEMA) was synthesized via the chorination of 2-hydroethyl methacryalte and polymerized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. The kinetics of the controlled/living radical polyemrization (CRP) was systematically investigated. The chain end livingness of poly(2-chloroethyl methacrylate) (PCEMA) was confirmed by the chain extension with methyl methacrylate (MMA) under RAFT polymerization conditions. PCEMA with dangling alkyl chloride groups was directly azidated through a nucleophilic substitution with sodium azide, affording a polymer with an azido group at each repeating unit. The resulting polymer was readily available for post-polymerization modifications by various click reactions. These strategies may open new perspectives toward more effective and milder conditions for azide involving reactions.

Keywords

alkyl halide RAFT polymerization azidation post-polymerization modification click chemistry 

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Copyright information

© The Polymer Society of Korea and Springer 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Soft Matter Science and Engineering, College of Materials Science and EngineeringBeijing University of Chemical TechnologyBeijingP. R. China
  2. 2.Department of ChemistrySouthern Methodist UniversityDallasUSA
  3. 3.School of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of Science and Technology BeijingBeijingP. R. China

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