An online resource for marine fungi

  • E. B. Gareth Jones
  • Ka-Lai Pang
  • Mohamed A. Abdel-WahabEmail author
  • Bettina Scholz
  • Kevin D. Hyde
  • Teun Boekhout
  • Rainer Ebel
  • Mostafa E. Rateb
  • Linda Henderson
  • Jariya Sakayaroj
  • Satinee Suetrong
  • Monika C. Dayarathne
  • Vinit Kumar
  • Seshagiri Raghukumar
  • K. R. Sridhar
  • Ali H. A. Bahkali
  • Frank H. Gleason
  • Chada Norphanphoun


Index Fungorum, Species Fungorum and MycoBank are the key fungal nomenclature and taxonomic databases that can be sourced to find taxonomic details concerning fungi, while DNA sequence data can be sourced from the NCBI, EBI and UNITE databases. Nomenclature and ecological data on freshwater fungi can be accessed on, while a comprehensive list of names of marine organisms, including information on their synonymy. Previous websites however have little information on marine fungi and their ecology, beside articles that deal with marine fungi, especially those published in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries may not be accessible to those working in third world countries. To address this problem, a new website was set up and is introduced in this paper. This website provides a search facility to genera of marine fungi, full species descriptions, key to species and illustrations, an up to date classification of all recorded marine fungi which includes all fungal groups (Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Blastocladiomycota, Chytridiomycota, Mucoromycota and fungus-like organisms e.g. Thraustochytriales), and listing recent publications. Currently, 1257 species are listed in the marine fungi website (, in 539 genera, 74 orders, 168 families, 20 classes and five phyla, with new taxa continuing to be described. The website has curators with specialist mycological expertise who help to provide update data on the classification of marine fungi. This article also reviews knowledge of marine fungi covering a wide range of topics: their higher classification, ecology and world distribution, role in energy transfer in the oceans, origin and new chemical structures. An updated classification of marine fungi is also included. We would like to invite all mycologists to contribute to this innovative website.


Fungal classification marine fungi website High-throughput sequencing techniques Fungal diversity Origin of marine fungi 



Gareth Jones is supported under the Distinguished Scientist Fellowship Program (DSFP), King Saud University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Ka-Lai Pang thanks the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, for financial support (105-2621-B-019 -002-). Kevin D. Hyde, Monika C. Dayarathne, Vinit Kumar and Chada Norphanphoun would like to thank the Thailand Research Fund grant entitled “Biodiversity, Phylogeny and role of fungal endobiotes on above parts of Rhizophora apiculata and Nypa fruticans” (grant no RSA5980068) and Mae Fah Luang University for the grant ‘‘Diseases of mangrove trees and maintenance of good forestry practice’’ (grant number: 60201000201) for support. Monika Dayarathne would like to acknowledge Dr. Wasana de Silva for her help in preparation of maps.


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Copyright information

© School of Science 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. B. Gareth Jones
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ka-Lai Pang
    • 3
  • Mohamed A. Abdel-Wahab
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Bettina Scholz
    • 5
  • Kevin D. Hyde
    • 6
  • Teun Boekhout
    • 7
    • 8
  • Rainer Ebel
    • 9
  • Mostafa E. Rateb
    • 10
  • Linda Henderson
    • 11
  • Jariya Sakayaroj
    • 12
  • Satinee Suetrong
    • 13
  • Monika C. Dayarathne
    • 6
  • Vinit Kumar
    • 6
    • 17
  • Seshagiri Raghukumar
    • 14
  • K. R. Sridhar
    • 15
  • Ali H. A. Bahkali
    • 1
  • Frank H. Gleason
    • 16
  • Chada Norphanphoun
    • 6
  1. 1.Deptartment of Botany and Microbiology, College of ScienceKing Saud UniversityRiyadhKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  2. 2.HampshireUK
  3. 3.Institute of Marine Biology and Centre of Excellence for the OceansNational Taiwan Ocean UniversityKeelungTaiwan
  4. 4.Department of Botany and Microbiology, Faculty of ScienceSohag UniversitySohagEgypt
  5. 5.BioPol ehf, Marine BiotechnologySkagaströndIceland
  6. 6.Center of Excellence in Fungal Diversity Mae Fah Luang UniversityMuang Chiang RaiThailand
  7. 7.Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity InstituteUtrechtThe Netherlands
  8. 8.Institute of Biodiversity and Ecological Dynamics (IBED)University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  9. 9.Department of Chemistry, Marine Biodiscovery CentreUniversity of AberdeenAberdeenUK
  10. 10.School of Computing, Engineering & Physical SciencesUniversity of the West of ScotlandPaisleyUK
  11. 11.School of Life and Environmental SciencesUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  12. 12.School of ScienceWalailak UniversityNakhon Si ThammaratThailand
  13. 13.Fungal Biodiversity Laboratory (BFBD)National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC)Khlong LuangThailand
  14. 14.Tamra’GoaIndia
  15. 15.Department of BiosciencesMangalore UniversityMangaloreIndia
  16. 16.School of Life and Environmental SciencesUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  17. 17.Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Faculty of AgricultureChiang Mai UniversityChiang MaiThailand

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