Is performing sacrospinous fixation with vaginal hysterectomy and McCall’s culdoplasty for advanced uterovaginal prolapse preferable over McCall’s culdoplasty alone?
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Purpose of study
Advanced uterovaginal prolapse can significantly affect the quality of life in women and usually requires surgical management. McCall’s culdoplasty (M) or sacrospinous fixation (SSF) are done at the time of vaginal hysterectomy with pelvic floor repair (VHPFR) to reduce recurrence, but recurrence rates of 15% and 33% have been reported with these procedures respectively. We hypothesize that combining VH-PFR with both McCall’s culdoplasty and sacrospinous fixation (VH-PFR-M-SSF) may decrease recurrence rates compared to VH-PFR-M without significantly affecting other perioperative outcomes.
All patients with advanced uterovaginal prolapse and willing for VH-PFR at our institute from January 2015 to March 2018 were included after informed consent, except for medically unfit women and those preferring alternative management. We conducted a case control study comparing VH-PFR-M and VH-PFR-M-SSF with a follow-up period of 24 months. Qualitative and quantitative data were statistically analysed and Odds ratio and 95% Confidence interval was calculated. Kaplan Meier Curve was drawn and Log Rank test was used to compare recurrence.
Out of 174 patients who underwent surgery in the study period, 131 patients (75.28%) underwent VH-PFR-M and 43 patients (24.71%) underwent VH-PFR-M-SSF. Both groups were comparable for age, body mass index, parity, postmenopausal status, comorbidities and aggravating factors. Patients with higher stage of prolapse were more in group 2 (p < 0.001). There were no intraoperative complications or postoperative surgical interventions in either group. The duration of surgery was not significantly different. Change in haematocrit was more in group 2 but no patient required blood transfusion. There was no statistically significant difference in recurrence rates between the 2 groups.
The procedure (VH PFR M-SSF) is safe and affordable with good results in Stage 3 with advanced bulge and stage 4 prolapse.
KeywordsMcCall’s culdoplasty Sacrospinous fixation Uterovaginal prolapse Vaginal hysterectomy Recurrence
This article was internally funded by hospital resources.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This research involved human participants. The study has been conducted after approval from Ethical and Research committee of Believers Church Medical College, Thiruvalla, Kerala, India. All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008.
Written Informed Valid consent was obtained from all patients prior to the procedure.
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