Effects of Epidural Labour Analgesia in Mother and Foetus

  • Varsha Laxmikant Deshmukh
  • Shaswatee S Ghosh
  • Kanan A. Yelikar
  • Shreeniwas N Gadappa
Original Article

Abstract

Objective

Aim of study was to determine effect of epidural analgesia on progress of labour and mode of delivery, to find out its complications in labour and puerperium and to evaluate neonatal outcome in terms of APGAR score.

Method

The present study was conducted in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Government Medical College Aurangabad over period of 2 years from June 2014 to June 2016 after taking approval from institutional ethical board. Hundred low-risk primigravidas were included in the study, 50 women received epidural analgesia for relief of labour pain at 3–4 cm and 50 women served as control. The important  outcome  FACTORS studied were the following : (1) duration of active phase of I stage, and II stage, (2) mode of delivery, (3) APGAR scores, (4) untoward reactions and intrapartum complications, (5) overall satisfaction of the mother.

Results

The operative delivery rates were not significantly different in both the groups (8% in the control group and 6% in the study group: p value NS, i.e. > 0.05). The duration of first stage (our study showed no significant difference in the duration of first stage in both the study and control groups p value > 0.05) and second stage of labour (p value NS > 0.05) and the need for oxytocin were comparable in the two groups. The side effects observed were minimal. It has given excellent pain relief and improved neonatal outcome (5 min). EA is associated with rates of vaginal delivery (88 v/s 84%) and LSCS rate (8 v/s 6%) which are comparable with control group.

Conclusion

Epidural analgesia is a very promising, safe and effective method of pain relief. No major complications and a good APGAR score make it a good option of care in modern obstetrics.

Keywords

Epidural analgesia Patient satisfaction Operative delivery Labour duration 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Standards

The authors state that approval for the study protocol was taken from the ethical comitee of Government Medical College, Aurangabad. No regulations or policies of the journal are violated.

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Copyright information

© Federation of Obstetric & Gynecological Societies of India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Varsha Laxmikant Deshmukh
    • 1
  • Shaswatee S Ghosh
    • 2
  • Kanan A. Yelikar
    • 2
  • Shreeniwas N Gadappa
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of OBGY and Government Cancer HospitalGovernment Medical College (GMC)AurangabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of OBGYGovernment Medical CollegeAurangabadIndia

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