Annals of Microbiology

, Volume 69, Issue 8, pp 819–828 | Cite as

Identification and characterization of ectoine-producing bacteria isolated from Can Gio mangrove soil in Vietnam

  • Doan Van ThuocEmail author
  • Tran Thi Hien
  • Kumar Sudesh
Original Article



The aim of this study was to characterize high ectoine-producing bacteria obtained from Can Gio mangrove soil samples in Vietnam.


Ectoine-producing bacteria were isolated from mangrove soil samples. The selected strains were identified using 16S rDNA sequence analysis, and their biochemical characteristics were also examined. The ability to produce ectoine at different NaCl concentrations and the effect of osmotic downshock solution on ectoine’s release rates and survival rates for the selected bacterial strains were investigated.


Among more than 200 bacterial colonies isolated from soil samples, two strains exhibiting highest ectoine production (strains D227 and D228) were chosen for further studies. Both strains D227 and D228 were identified as Halomonas spp. and were closely related to Halomonas organivorans, sharing 99.4% 16S rDNA sequence similarity. At 6% (w/v) NaCl concentration, strains D227 and D228 presented the highest cell dry weight (CDW) of 3.85 and 3.55 g/l, respectively. At 18% NaCl concentration, maximum total ectoine (ectoine and hydroxyectoine) production of 16.4 and 18.1 wt% was achieved by strains D227 and D228, respectively. After 30 min of incubation in downshock solution containing 5% NaCl, high bacterial survival rates of 96% and 98%, and ectoines release rates of 61% and 76% were obtained by strains D227 and D228, respectively.


The accumulation and secretion of ectoine appear to be a typical adaptation strategy of some bacteria to survive under the changing saline conditions of mangrove ecosystem. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on ectoine production by halophilic bacteria isolated from mangrove soil. High ectoine-producing bacteria can be found in mangrove forest.


Can Gio mangrove Compatible solutes Ectoine Halomonas Halophilic bacteria 



This research was supported by the Ministry of Education and Training (Grant B2007-SHP-32) and Vietnam National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (Nafosted) (Grant 106-NN.04-2016.11).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Università degli studi di Milano 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology and Microbiology, Faculty of BiologyHanoi National University of EducationHanoiVietnam
  2. 2.School of Biological SciencesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia

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