Transcriptomic profiles of human HaCaT cells in response to angelica polysaccharide
The aim of this study was to explore the anti-psoriatic effect and potential mechanism of Angelica polysaccharide (APS) on an in vitro HaCaT cell model. MTS assay was performed to determine whether APS has the ability to inhibit the proliferation of HaCaT cells. RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) was performed to investigate the underlying mechanism of APS. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to verify the accuracy of RNA-seq data. Our MTS assay results demonstrated that APS time- and concentration-dependently inhibits the proliferation of HaCaT cells. The anti-proliferation property of APS suggests that APS may have anti-psoriatic effect. In the RNA-seq part, comparison between the CK group (i.e., Control group) and ASP groups revealed dramatic differences [468 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) for CK group vs. ASP50 group; 563 DEGs for CK group vs. ASP100 group; 532 DEGs for CK group vs. ASP200 group]. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrich analysis performed on all DEGs failed to find any significant enriched GO terms or KEGG pathways to explain the anti-proliferative effect of APS. All DEGs were then classified into 20 expression profiles by trend analysis. Interestingly, cell proliferation-related GO terms were mostly dispersed in the profile 2 and 17. DEGs enriched in these terms were then analyzed. After literature retrieval, DEGs such as SERPINE1, SMAD6, CTGF, and TGF-β were suspected to closely relevant to the anti-proliferation effect of APS. qRT-PCR results showed similar expression trend with RNA-seq data for 8 out of 10 genes, indicating our sequence data are reliable.
KeywordsAngelica polysaccharide Psoriasis Transcriptome
This work was supported by grants from the Project of Sichuan Science and Technology Bureau (2016JY0214), the Scientific Research Project of Sichuan Health and Family Planning Commission (150243) and the Scientific Research Project of Suining Municipality (2015S23).
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Conflict of interest
The author declares that they have no competing interests.
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