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3 Biotech

, 9:261 | Cite as

An overview on improvement of crop productivity in saline soils by halotolerant and halophilic PGPRs

  • Davood Saghafi
  • Nasser Delangiz
  • Behnam Asgari Lajayer
  • Manour GhorbanpourEmail author
Review Article
  • 28 Downloads

Abstract

Salinity of water and soil are of the most important factors limiting the production of crops. Moreover, with the increasing population of the planet and saline fields worldwide there is no choice but to use saline soil and water in the near future. Therefore, to increase plant growth under saline stress condition, provision of sustainable and environmentally friendly management for the use of saline water and soil resources is necessary. The development of saline resistant plants is a potent approach to solve this problem. Generally, soil salinity negatively affects the plant growth through ion toxicity, oxidative stress, osmotic stress and ethylene generation. In recent years, scientists through genetic engineering techniques, which are based on molecular and physiological characteristics of plants, have made salt tolerance plants. However, the validation of the present technique is restricted to laboratory condition and it is not easily applied in the agronomy research under field environment. Another option would be to isolate and utilize salinity resistant microorganisms from the rhizosphere of halophyte plants, namely plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). The mechanisms of these bacteria includes; ACC-deaminase and exopolysachared production, osmolite accumulation, antioxidant system activation, ion hemostasis and etc. In this review, we will discuss mechanisms of PGPR in producing tolerate plants under salt stress and how to improve the plant–microbe interactions in future for increasing agricultural productivity to feed all of the world’s people.

Keywords

Salinity stress Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) Plant–microbe interactions Salt tolerance plants 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that he/she has no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Davood Saghafi
    • 1
  • Nasser Delangiz
    • 2
  • Behnam Asgari Lajayer
    • 1
  • Manour Ghorbanpour
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Soil Science, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of TabrizTabrizIran
  2. 2.Department of Plant Biotechnology and Breeding, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of TabrizTabrizIran
  3. 3.Department of Medicinal Plants, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural ResourcesArak UniversityArakIran

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