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3 Biotech

, 9:28 | Cite as

Principles of gene editing techniques and applications in animal husbandry

  • Shengwang Jiang
  • Qingwu W. ShenEmail author
Review Article
  • 433 Downloads

Abstract

Gene editing techniques were developed chronologically, which include zinc finger nuclease, transcription activator-like effector nuclease and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas 9). In this review, the working principles of these techniques were first introduced, their advantages and disadvantages were then discussed, their application in animal husbandry were elaborated, and finally human concerns about gene editing were presented. Compared to the two former techniques, the third-generation gene editing technique CRISPR/Cas9 has higher targeting efficiency and accuracy, less off-target effect, lower cytotoxicity and lower costs for being easier for vector design and manipulation. Although some people may concern about social or ethical issues, the benefits of gene editing certainly overweigh its demerits. The three gene editing techniques have been successfully used to improve the production and quality of livestock products, animal fertility, resistance to diseases, and welfare in animal husbandry. With legislation and the development of gene editing technology per se, it anticipatable that gene editing will have a broader utilization and make our lives happier.

Keywords

Gene editing ZFN TALEN CRISPR/Cas9 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant number 31571862).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Animal Science and TechnologyHunan Agricultural UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.College of Food Science and TechnologyHunan Agricultural UniversityChangshaChina

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