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3 Biotech

, 9:29 | Cite as

Antimicrobial cellulosic textiles based on organic compounds

  • Hossam E. EmamEmail author
Review Article
  • 124 Downloads

Abstract

Healthy body is one of the principle requirements of human beings, but the highly rated growth of harmful pathogens has challenged researchers for investigation of antimicrobial reagents. Infection of textile materials is a result of microbial adherence on the surface, and it is one of the vital clinical complications, which causes a high rate of mortality. New challenges as well as new opportunities in manufacturing of antimicrobial cellulosic textiles are the future concerns for textile and apparel industry. The major applications of antimicrobial textile could be ascribed according consumer demands, represented in more comfort, easy care, health, and durable to laundering. Such numerous properties could be achieved by the development of innovative methodologies with various finishing agents. Thus, the current review introduced an overview for the application of recent organic antimicrobial reagents in cellulosic textile finishing. The organic reagents are classified into two main categories; natural (chitosan, cyclodextrins and natural dyes) and synthetic (quaternary ammonium salts, triclosan, halogenated phenols and metal organic frameworks). The interaction between cellulose and such reagents, biological action mechanisms and factors affecting biocidal actions are all presented. For improvement of the durability and mechanical properties, pre-activation of cellulosic textile or using of cross-linkers is properly performed.

Keywords

Cellulosic textiles Organic antimicrobial Natural agents Synthetic agents 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Author wants to declare that no scientific or financial conflicts of interest exist.

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Copyright information

© King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pretreatment and Finishing of Cellulosic based Textiles, Textile Industries Research DivisionNational Research CentreGizaEgypt

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